|on is the most common language, a Khoisan language, and can not be shown to be related to any other Khoisan language, as Khoisan languages are often hard to provide a linguistic family for.
|on has the following consonants, divided into five groups:
Group 1: b/p, m
Group 2: d/t, n
Group 3: g/k, ng,
Group 4: l, h, r
Group 5: || (or x), ! (or q), | (or c)
|on has two groups of vowels:
Group 1: i, u
Group 2: a, e, o
Group 3: an, on, in, un
|on is unique amongst the many languages of its region in displaying stress as opposed to tones or pitch accents. Stress in |on is dynamic, meaning it can change in different variations of the word.
Main article: Con Vocabulary
Main Article: Con Grammar
In, normal indicative constructions, |on has a VSO (Verb-Subject Object) word order. Adjectives and adverbs come after what they describe.
I see it ---> See I it.
I want to eat the black ant. ---> Want to eat I ant black.
The passive voice is a much used feature in |on, and can be formed in three different ways" the "e form", "la form", and the "si form". The passive can only be used when there is no subject, therefore in the sentence "the food was eaten by me", the "by me" does not make sense. Passive can be described as deleting the subject and raising the object to subject position.
Roughly equivalent to the active. The object of the sentence is deleted. E.g. "I eat".
The subject of the sentence is also the object of the sentence. E.x "I eat myself"
This is where the object of the sentence is also the subject and visa-versa. "We eat each other"
This is where both the object of the sentence and the subject of the snetence are deleted. E.x. "I eat the food with a fork" ---> "Eat fork".
This is where the subject of the sentence is not directly involved with the verb, but helps for it to happen, causes it or merely does nothing to stop it. E.g. "I eat him" ---> "I feed him"
Symbol to inidicate nasalisation of the vowel (placed after vowel):魚
Symbol to indicate nasalisation of the click (placed before click): 難