The Commonwealth was established in 1989 as a successor state to the Soviet Union, the single-party Communist state formed in 1922 after the Russian Civil War, which made it the first constitutionally socialist state in history and a recognized world superpower. Throughout the 20th century, the Soviet Union was at the forefront of the Cold War against the United States and Italy, which spawned some of the most significant technological achievements of the century such as the first man-made satellite and the first man in space.
Prior to the 1980's, the Soviet Union was a single-party Marxist-Leninist state. Upon gaining power, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev initiated economic and political reforms that culminated into the reformation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics into the democratic Commonwealth of Independent States in 1989, thus ending the decades-long Cold War. The reformation of the state led to the "Roaring Nineties" as the CIS enjoyed an economic boom, domestic revival and the thrusting back into global dominance after their involvement in the War on Terror.