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Commonwealth of England (By Grace of God Protector of the Commonwealth)

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Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
Commonwealth of England
1649 –
Flag of the Commonwealth 1649-1660 = Oliver Cromwell
Motto
"PAX QUÆRITUR BELLO"
("Peace is sought through war.")
Anthem
Rule, Britannia!
Map of Commonwealth
The Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Also shows territories of Dunkirk and Cádiz.
Capital London
Official language English
Government Republic
Head of state
1995 -
Lord Protector
David Cameron
Head of government
1995 -
Premier
David Davis
Area 315,134 km² (2007)
Population 65,000,000 (2007)
Historical era
- 'An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth'
- End of English Civil War
- 'Instrument of Government'

- 1649

- 1651
- 1653
Currency Pound Sterling

The Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland (Generally simple referred to as the Commonwealth of England) is a nation made up of four united nations, these are England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. While all these nations are governed by a single ruling parliament, England has a devolved parliament (it also has jurisdiction over Wales.)

History

First English Civil War

In 1641 the First English Civil War began, mainly due to King Charles I gathering money illegally and also abused his power by continuously dissolving parliament and ruling by himself as an Absolute Monarchy. This led to an uprising by Parliament against the King. At first there were mainly Royalist victories, then the battles soon became inconclusive. Oliver Cromwell then said that the army needed to be remade and so it was reformed with battle hardened soldiers in the New Model Army. Soon the Parliament took England, Ireland and Scotland.

Creation

The Commonwealth of England was created after the First English Civil War in which the Parliamentarian forces rose up against the Stuart Dynasty and took over the Kingdom of England and created it into a Republic with 'An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth' in 1649. After this Protector Oliver Cromwell invaded Scotland and conquered both Scotland and Ireland and in the 'Instrument of Government' all three of the kingdoms were officially united (Wales already being part of England.)

Years later in the Anglo-Spanish War the Commonwealth annexed Dunkirk in the Treaty of St Peter along with the Spanish port of Cádiz.

Separate States

The Commonwealth of England is mainly made up of 4 main member nations, while the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands are technically within the Commonwealth they have a high level of autonomy.

Flag Country Patron saint Flower
Flag of England England Saint George Tudor rose
Flag of Scotland Scotland Saint Andrew Thistle
Flag of Wales Wales Saint David Leek/Daffodil
St Patrick's saltire Ireland Saint Patrick

Flax/Shamrock

Government

Lord Protector

The Lord Protector is the single head of the Executive, commander of military, chief representative of the Commonwealth to the rest of the world, and moral leader of the country. He is chosen by the states upon the death, resignation, or incapacitation of the previous Lord Protector. In the event that three of the for states cannot agree on a person to fill the office, the persons chosen by the states shall be considered by the house of states. the first candidate to obtain the favor of a majority of the statesman will be appointed Lord Protector.

Legislature

The legislative functions are handled by the bicameral Commonwealth Parliament. A bill may originate in either house, but must meet the approval of both to become law. The Premier is chosen by a joint sitting of the Houses. He is a sitting member of his house and not necessarily its speaker, though the latter is common.

He assembles a cabinet to aid him in governance of the nation, he is primarily charged with carrying out the laws and ordinances passed by the Commonwealth Parliament.

House of Commons

The House of Commons is made of MP's who are directly elected from single-member constituencies. The seats are apportioned among the states by population. The original membership of the House of Commons was 140, but has since been increased to 210. Elections to the Commons are held at the calling of the Lord protector and no more than four years since the previous election.

House of States

The House of States consists of six members from each state, appointed by the legislatures thereof and their appointment approved by the Lord Protector. The total members is currently 24. The members are generally chosen not because they are politically talented but have a particularly strong moral compass. The House of States possess some judicial functions as well as legislative.

Foreign Policy

See Also: Commonwealth Foreign Relations
The Commonwealth of England has fairly good foreign relations with most nations, with the exceptions of France, the Netherlands, Spain and Nova Hibernia. It has had very good relations with Sweden especially after reacquiring New Sweden for it.

Armed Forces

See also: New Model Army, Commonwealth Navy and Commonwealth Air Force.
The Commonwealth Armed forces began before the country existed as the New Model Army served to fight for the Parliamentarians against the Royalists. The New Model Army was a well trained powerful fighting force and defeated large forces throughout it's time. The New Model Army has been called one of the best fighting forces throughout its time with the help of powerful and intelligent leaders.
The Commonwealth Navy was set up after the First English Civil War and proved to be one of the best navies in the world after defeating the Dutch Navy twice and destroying the entire Spanish West Indies Navy.

Religion

The Commonwealth has a diverse range of religions. The highest percentage of religions in the Commonwealth are Protestants, these include many Puritans after the 'Second Reformation' which led to the Anglican Church practically being abolished for the Puritan religion. The second highest amount of religion is Judaism after Jews were invited back in huge swathes by Oliver Cromwell and Charles Fleetwood. There are also other Independents in the nation as well as other minorities of foreign religions. The smallest minority are Catholics and ever since Charles Fleetwood's 'Second Reformation' most of the Catholics were kicked out of Ireland, either taken into slavery or forced to flee to different nations (and later Louisiana.)

Empire

Flag of the Commonwealth   The Commonwealth Empire & Overseas Territories   Indiaflag
Empire Protectors

Commonwealth of England | North American Commonwealth

Dominions

Dominion of the Bahamas |

Colonies

Cuba

Protectorates
Overseas Territories

Cádiz | Dunkirk

Flag of Hong Kong 1959   Members of the United Kingdom of Britain and North America   Oceania

See Also

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