The Colonization of Columbia and Meridonia (primarily occurring from the date of the discovery of the Americas in the mid-1400s to the 1700s) was the settlement of the New World by European and Middle Eastern nations, and the related displacement of much of the two continents' indigenous population. The main initial colonizers were Castile, Portugal, Venice, England and Burgundy; they were later joined by the Ottoman Sultanate, Scandinavian states, and Scotland. Colonization triggered massive biological, ethnic and political changes both in Europe and the Americas; today, most of the Americas, excepting states like Tsêhéstáno and Haida in Columbia and Amazunya and Araucania in Meridonia, is made up of colonial successor states.
Initial Phases (1492 - 1550)
The discovery of the New World occurred in 1489, after a Castilian galleon captain named Juan Bermudez trying to avoid corsairs around the North African coast by sailing far west was blown off course and reached Bermuda; sailing further west, he landed on the coast of Florida. Further expeditions, several led by Genoese explorer Christopher Columbus who had long theorized about such a continent, established its considerable size and wealth; rumours of gold were influential in driving initial Spanish settlement of Cuba and Hispaniola. Several states, including Portugal and Burgundy, founded small forts along the Atlantic coast further north to act as resupply bases for their ships going to Asia, viewing the route as safer than the more direct one which exposed them to piracy near North Africa. The discovery of gold and wealthy states with a large potential for exploitation launched an orgy of colonization, beginning with the conquest of the Aztecs in 1514. This in turn drew in North African corsairs, who reached the New World in 1518 and founded states north of the Spanish colonies; other states, like Anglia, Aragon and Venice also became involved.
By 1530 colonization had assumed a recognizable shape as claims were dropped and settlement expanded; in Columbia, the northern continent; Anglian colonies in the northeast, in Quebec, challenged by nascent Scottish settlements further north; the Burgundian colony of New Amsterdam to the south of them; Venetian settlements further south; Portuguese settlements hemmed in between these and the Arab-Ottoman state of Mostanqia; the vast Spanish Mexican and Caribbean territories, challenged by the Anglian port of New Orleans; then the more monolithic southern continent, dominated by Castile, Portugal and Burgundy.