Alternate History

Colonies and territories (Cromwell the Great)

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The Commonwealth as several territories. For example across the Atlantic seas it has several colonies in the Caribbean and North America. These are:

Administration and Government

The colonies can be distinguished in the following groups according to their patent letters, charters and acts of Parliament and orders of Protector-in-Council.

  • Commonwealth colony, the former Crown colonies
  • Proprietary colony
  • Charter colony, and
  • Company colony, it also includes the territories directly administered by a chartered company, such as the ones in Asia, Africa and America by the East India Company, Hudson's Bay Company, Adventurers Trading to Africa, etc.

Long established colonies usually have a Governor (named either by the Protector, the proprietary, the Chartered company, or the colonists), an executive council, and a legislative council (elected or partially named). Law courts are usually created and named by the Governor.

The directives of the policy and everyday administration reside in the Lord Protector and the Commonwealth Council of State. Though most issues are derived or resolved by the Council for Foreign Plantations and Council of Trade, both permanent bodies of the State Council.


Establishment Political Status Notes Region
Virginia 1607 Commonwealth (former Crown) Colony Southern Colonies (Chesapeake Colonies)
Newfoundland 1610 Proprietary colony Canada
Bermuda 1612 Company Colony West Indies
Leeward Islands Colony 1623 Commonwealth (former Crown) Colony Includes Antigua (1632), Barbuda (1684), Montserrat (1632), Saint Kitts (1623), Nevis (1628), and Anguilla (1650) West Indies
Barbados 1627 Proprietary colony 1627- Commonwealth Colony 1652 to date West Indies
Massachusetts Bay 1628-1675 Charter Colony Member of the New England Confederation (1643) New England
Plymouth 1628-1675 Charter Colony Member of the New England Confederation (1643) New England
Maryland 1632 Proprietary Colony 1632- Charter Colony 1662 to date Toleration to all Christian groups  Southern Colonies (Chesapeake Colonies)
Connecticut 1636-1675 Charter Colony Member of the New England Confederation (1643) New England
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 1636-1675 Charter Colony Freedom of religion New England
New Haven 1638-1662 merged to Connecticut Charter Colony Member of the New England Confederation (1643) New England
Bahamas 1648 Company Colony Freedom of religion West Indies
Nova Scotia 1654 Proprietary Colony Canada
Jamaica 1655 Commonwealth Colony West Indies
Borealia 1670 Company Colony Canada
Dominion of New England 1675 Commonwealth Colony New England

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