The Commonwealth as several territories in America, India-Burma and Australasia.

Administration and Government

Colonies and territories can be distinguished in the following groups according to their patent letters, charters and acts of Parliament and orders of Protector-in-Council.

  • Commonwealth colony, the former Crown colonies, in which the Protector appoints the governor and are directly ruled. They can be granted the right to have an elected legislative assembly;
  • Proprietary colony, whose administration and property is granted to a a lord or lords proprietors, who, hold authority by virtue of a charter. Authority is usually exercised in a way that they are almost an independent sovereign;
  • Charter colony, have system similar to a commonwealth outlined in their charter. The governor and an assembly are elected by the colonist. The Protector as reserved powers like organizing and appointing the judiciary, name Colonial Commissioners with specific instructions that can include the suspension of the colonial charter or nominate a Provisional Council or name a military commander;
  • Company colony, it also includes the territories directly administered by a chartered company, such as the ones in Asia, Africa and America by the East India Company, Hudson's Bay Company, Adventurers Trading to Africa, etc.; and
  • Protectorates, are indirectly ruled with most of the government functions are in hands of the local rulers and the British Commonwealth directs foreign relations and the military.

Long established colonies usually have a Governor (named either by the Protector, the proprietary, the Chartered company, or the colonists), an executive council, and a legislative council (elected or partially named). Law courts are usually created and named by the Governor or directly named by the Protector.

The directives of the policy and everyday administration reside in the Lord Protector and the Commonwealth Council of State. Though most issues are derived or resolved by the Council for Foreign Plantations and Council of Trade, both permanent bodies of the State Council.


For example across the Atlantic seas it has several colonies in the Caribbean and North America. These are:

Territories in India

India before the Carnatic Wars

  • Bombay
  • Calcutta
  • Madras

Territories India after the Carnatic Wars[1]

  • Bengal Presidency (capital Calcutta)
  • Bombay Presidency
  • Mandras Presidency
  • Flag of Awadh Oudh State or Kingdom of Oudh (British protectorate)
  • Jaipur State (British Protectorate)
  • Baroda flag Baroda State (British Protectorate)

Territories in Australasia and Oceania

  • Tasmania (British), former Van Diemen's Land (Dutch)
  • New South Wales (British)
  • Cookland (British)
  • Flag of Modern New Zealand (King of America) Aotearoa (Britain-France-Dutch)
  • Kanaka Maoli flag Kingdom of Hawaii (Protectorate)
  • Flag of the United Kingdom of Fiji 1871-1874 Kingdom of Fiji (Protectorate)
  • New Caledonia (disputed by France and Britain)

Summary North America

Establishment Political Status Notes Region
Virginia 1607 Commonwealth (former Crown) Colony -> Charter colony 1663 to date Southern Colonies (Chesapeake Colonies)
Newfoundland 1610 Proprietary colony Canada
Bermuda 1612 Company Colony West Indies
Leeward Islands Colony 1623 Commonwealth (former Crown) Colony Includes Antigua (1632), Barbuda (1684), Montserrat (1632), Saint Kitts (1623), Nevis (1628), and Anguilla (1650) West Indies
Barbados 1627 Proprietary colony 1627- Commonwealth Colony 1652 to date West Indies
Massachusetts Bay 1628-1675 Charter Colony Member of the New England Confederation (1643) New England
Plymouth 1628-1675 Charter Colony Member of the New England Confederation (1643) New England
Maryland 1632 Proprietary Colony 1632- Charter Colony 1662 to date Toleration to all Christian groups  Southern Colonies (Chesapeake Colonies)
Connecticut 1636-1675 Charter Colony Member of the New England Confederation (1643) New England
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 1636-1675 Charter Colony Freedom of religion New England
New Haven 1638-1662 merged to Connecticut Charter Colony Member of the New England Confederation (1643) New England
Bahamas 1648 Company Colony Freedom of religion West Indies
Nova Scotia 1654 Proprietary Colony Canada
Jamaica 1655 Commonwealth Colony West Indies
Borealia 1670 Company Colony Canada
Dominion of New England 1675 Commonwealth Colony New England
Ohio 1766 Commonwealth Colony
Tennessee 1768 Commonwealth Colony

  1. According to the Clive-Dupleix Agreement (France and Britain) of 1761