The Commonwealth as several territories. For example across the Atlantic seas it has several colonies in the Caribbean and North America. These are:
- United Colonies of New England, commonly known as the New England Confederation, it includes Massachusetts Bay Colony (established 1628), Plymouth Colony (1628), Colony of Connecticut (1636), and New Haven Colony (1638-1662 merged to Connecticut). Abolished in 1675 on the formation of the Dominion of New England
- Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (established 1636) Abolished in 1675 on the formation of the Dominion of New England
- Colony of Virginia (established 1607)
- Colony of Maryland (established 1632)
- Colony of Jamaica (Seized in 1655)
- Leeward Islands Colony, that includes Antigua (colonised in 1632), Barbuda (1684), Montserrat (1632), Saint Kitts (1623), Nevis (1628), and Anguilla (1650).
- Barbados (colonized in 1627)
- Bermuda (colonised in 1612)
- Bahamas (colonised in 1648)
- Newfoundland (colonized 1610)
- Nova Scotia (Seized in 1654)
- Borealia (Created 1670)
- Dominion of New England (Created 1675)
Administration and Government
The colonies can be distinguished in the following groups according to their patent letters, charters and acts of Parliament and orders of Protector-in-Council.
- Commonwealth colony, the former Crown colonies
- Proprietary colony
- Charter colony, and
- Company colony, it also includes the territories directly administered by a chartered company, such as the ones in Asia, Africa and America by the East India Company, Hudson's Bay Company, Adventurers Trading to Africa, etc.
Long established colonies usually have a Governor (named either by the Protector, the proprietary, the Chartered company, or the colonists), an executive council, and a legislative council (elected or partially named). Law courts are usually created and named by the Governor.
The directives of the policy and everyday administration reside in the Lord Protector and the Commonwealth Council of State. Though most issues are derived or resolved by the Council for Foreign Plantations and Council of Trade, both permanent bodies of the State Council.
|Virginia||1607||Commonwealth (former Crown) Colony||Southern Colonies (Chesapeake Colonies)|
|Bermuda||1612||Company Colony||West Indies|
|Leeward Islands Colony||1623||Commonwealth (former Crown) Colony||Includes Antigua (1632), Barbuda (1684), Montserrat (1632), Saint Kitts (1623), Nevis (1628), and Anguilla (1650)||West Indies|
|Barbados||1627||Proprietary colony 1627- Commonwealth Colony 1652 to date||West Indies|
|Massachusetts Bay||1628-1675||Charter Colony||Member of the New England Confederation (1643)||New England|
|Plymouth||1628-1675||Charter Colony||Member of the New England Confederation (1643)||New England|
|Maryland||1632||Proprietary Colony 1632- Charter Colony 1662 to date||Toleration to all Christian groups||Southern Colonies (Chesapeake Colonies)|
|Connecticut||1636-1675||Charter Colony||Member of the New England Confederation (1643)||New England|
|Rhode Island and Providence Plantations||1636-1675||Charter Colony||Freedom of religion||New England|
|New Haven||1638-1662 merged to Connecticut||Charter Colony||Member of the New England Confederation (1643)||New England|
|Bahamas||1648||Company Colony||Freedom of religion||West Indies|
|Nova Scotia||1654||Proprietary Colony||Canada|
|Jamaica||1655||Commonwealth Colony||West Indies|
|Dominion of New England||1675||Commonwealth Colony||New England|