Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a unitary, constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments. It is located in northwestern South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the north by the Caribbean Sea; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil to the south by Ecuador and Peru and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. Originally inhabited by indigenous peoples including the Muisca, Quimbaya and Tairona. The Spanish arrived in 1499 and initiated a period of conquest and colonization ultimately creating the Viceroyalty of New Granada, with its capital at Bogotá.
With a Population of 45 million the nation of Colombia is the fourth largest economy in South America and is a middle power. Its Chief industries are primarily oil, coal, precious stones, chemicals, health related products, food processing, agricultural products, textile and fabrics, garments, forest products, machinery, electronics, military products, metal products, home and office material, construction equipment and materials, banking, financial services, software, IT services and the automotive industry.
Directly after the eruption Colombia devolved into a state of near anarchy with basic public systems becoming unavailable for nearly a year. During this period nearly one million Colombian people died with the lack of basic security and necessities. This finally ended when the Colombian government finally managed to get a solid hold once again over the Northern Sections of the country. With this the Colombian armed forces pushed itself to the upper limits in a large attempt to keep as much secure as possible. This state of awkward and uneasy control lasted until nearly 1950 when the nation finally began its own self correction after years of undeclared civil war.
Finally in 1957 the Brazilian military got involved and helped re-stabilize the country bringing it back on the path to peace. The lasting effects of this continued on until the late 70's in which Colombia finally recovered somewhat from her downward spiral during the chaos just Post Eruption. Colombia is possible one of the nations most affected by the Eruption and has one of the most lasting issues compared to its neighbor Venezuela. Even with its years of downward spiraling and near collapsing economy, Colombia finally entered into a new economic period during the 1970's which allowed for the nation to Recover expediently. managing at least a 7.1% growth in GPD per year until a minor recession in the 1990's.
Colombia's instability as a nation heavily influenced by its constant state of undeclared civil war through the 50's and 60's which brought about large issues in the ability to develop as a nation economically. While much of the population remained under Colombian control, the ability to advance the economy was halted at almost every step by Revolutionaries, Radicals and even Immigrant groups from the Former United States which wished to replicate their previous form of government in Colombia. The Nation finally underwent a major turn for the worst when a military junta took power in 1957. However they lasted less than two months before Brazil finally fully involved itself in the Future of Colombia.
Alberto Lleras Camargo was elected in 1958 following the Brazilian lifting of foreign imposed martial law went extremely Pro-Brazilian and managed to curb the public opinion against the country as noticeable improvements came around due to Brazil's direct involvement in Colombian affairs. However by 1965 Brazil had taken a more hands off policy allowing the nation to once again control its own affairs. By 1970 the nation had begun a an upward climb economically speaking. Alfonso López Michelsen taking over in 1974 managed to avoid heavy rioting in his nation and even managed to open up Colombia heavily to Foreign investment which spurred on a large nearly 20 year huge resurgence of the Colombian economy.
In the Early to Mid 70's Colombia finally began to climb its way back up the economical ladder. This brought a large nearly 7.1% per year growth in GDP or more, per year which brought the nation competitively back into the Global market. This nearly 20 year push ahead brought Colombia back swinging into South American relevancy as well becoming the "Colombian Miracle". This essentially brought the nation out of a dismal situation and while regardless of the human rights issues, and some income disparity between the Poor and the Rich, the Colombian economy is regardless seen as the salvageable miracle it was.
In the 80's following Colombia's massive economic growth as well as regaining population, the Colombian military finally pushed for modernization and began an extensive modernization program to combat the growing power of Argentina and her allies, and to keep up with a Rapidly militarizing Venezuela, and Brazil. This delving into the Defence side of industry finally ended another rut in which the Colombian economy was in, with the Brazilian government giving large contracts to Colombian defence contractors which with some of their promising designs, have become some of the mainstay developers for Brazil's Armed forces. Colombia alongside its economic miracles, has also become known as the South American tiger, for its development of top notch military equipment going to great lengths to develop equipment for itself and its allies.
The Government of Colombia is a republic with separation of powers into executive, judicial and legislative branches. Its legislature has a congress, its judiciary has a supreme court, and its executive branch has a president. The citizens of Colombia cast votes concerning their government, and they employ a public sector office for an inspector general to oversee the public interface of the government. This safeguards the public, and guarantee the human rights, and with a new Constitution in 1974 it provides the framework for a welfare state and a unitary republic. Colombia has "control institutions" which mix government and public officials, who work alongside one another. This was heavily mandated and put in place by a Occupying Brazil early in Colombia's re-stabilization. For example, the public's inspector general works closely with the government's controller general whose job it is to ensure governmental fiscal responsibility. An independent Member deals with maladministration complaints and functions as the national human rights institution.
The Military of Colombia is a larger force in South America with around 645,432 active personnel. With this, it is one of the most Advanced armed forces on the Continent on Par with Venezuela due to her high tech military complexes which jointly provide for Brazil, Venezuela, and Colombia. Heavily experienced by the multiple conflicts it has fought from its birth and to its reconstitution Colombia maintains one of the most battle hardened forces on the continent. While not as advanced or powerful as its neighbors Colombian forces have volunteered as the South American Peace Keepers, as well being some of the main forces to put down rebels and other dissidents throughout its own country as well as its SAU allies/members.
Also known to be actively working on its WMD program Colombia is an up and coming nation when it comes to the handling of the Kinetic weapons systems employed by Brazil. Along with Argentina and Venezuela, Colombia will be the 4th nation to help manage the SAU's Colossus Satellite network, a collection of currently five Kinetic strike satellites. Colombia has also developed ten test ICBM's containing its own version of the Matador Kinetic Impact System.
Its navy is one of its more lacking forces in which to a major degree is relies on Brazil and Argentina to provide for naval defense of the Continent. Also not wishing to waste the money on a "seemingly useless" force declared by the Colombian leaders. More focus has been put in coastal defense ships, aircraft acquisition, and a More powerful and battle-hardened Army.
The Colombian Air Force while extremely numerous suffers from lack of training in which it is attempting to rectify. Colombian air forces do use highly advanced aircraft purchased from Brazil however their ability to field an effective aerial combat force in large numbers is doubted. However the situation has begun to be fixed with a mass pilot training program underway to fix the mass Army fix the Colombian government has had recently.
Colombia's economy has experienced rapid increase over the past three years despite a serious armed conflict. The economy continues to grow in part because of austere government budgets, focused efforts to reduce public debt levels, an export-oriented growth strategy, an improved security situation in the country, and high commodity prices. However, the government's economic policy and democratic security strategy have engendered a growing sense of confidence in the economy, particularly within the business sector.
With this, Colombia's recent rise economically there is quite a decent amount of economic disparity between the Lower and Upper classes. Despite this, the government has managed to create a fast growing Middle Class in which confidence of achieving said status is quite easy. Along with this, the business sector of Colombia has shown a noticeable improvement following various reform and has essentially developed a large scale amount of new small businesses developing and becoming the competitive edge of the nations newly powerful economy.
Foreign Policy and Relations
Colombia seeks diplomatic and commercial relations with all countries, regardless of their ideologies or political or economic systems. For this reason, the Colombian economy is quite open, relying on international trade and following the guidelines given by international law. Since 1987, Colombia's Ministry of Trade and Commerce has either reached or strengthened Full Trade Agreements with Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, and Mexico building stronger commerce interchange and development in Latin America
DemographicsThe Demography of Colombia is characterized for being the third-most populous country in Latin America, after Mexico and Brazil. Colombia experienced rapid population growth like most countries, but four decades of an armed conflict pushed millions of Colombians out of the country. However, a rebound economy in the 70's in urban centres (perhaps the most urbanized Latin American nation) improved the situation of living standards for Colombians in a traditional class stratified economy. In the years following the 60's the safety has been improving throughout the country. Young citizens now invest in education so they can stay and contribute to the country's future. Today the country has lots of economic potential. The country has a diverse population that reflects its colourful history and the peoples that have populated here from ancient times to the present. The historic amalgam of three main groups are the basics of Colombia's current demographics: indigenous Amerindians, European immigrants, and African slaves, have intermingled without limitation in its history.