Colombia is a country located in the northwest of South America and parts of Central America. After fighting and earning its independence from Spain in 1819, Colombia remained slightly unstable for the century, featuring several civil wars between Liberal and Conservative factions. French interest in building a canal in the Colombian territory of Panama resulted in a close alliance between the two, despite opposition claiming it was a return to colonialism. Colombia and France were both defeated in World War I, resulting in the devoirist element of the conservative party taking control. Devoirist Colombia was defeated in World War II, and despite an initial alliance with the United States, the nation has moved closer toward Venezuela and the Non-Aligned Movement.