Colin Luther Powell KCB MSC

Colin powell
44th President of the United States
In OfficeJanuary 20, 2005-January 20,2009
Vice-President: Richard Armitage
Preceded by: George W. Bush
Succeeded by: Rand Paul
65th United States Secretary of State
In office:

January 20, 2001 - October 17, 2003

President: George W. Bush
Deputy: Richard Armitage
Preceded by: Madeleine Albright
Succeded by: Condoleezza Rice
12th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
In office:

October 1, 1989 – September 30, 1993

President: George H.W. Bush

Bill Clinton

Deputy: Robert T. Herres (1989)

David E. Jeremiah (1989-1993)

Preceded by: William J. Crowe
Succeded by: David E. Jeremiah
16th National Security Advisor
In office:

November 23, 1987 – January 20, 1989

President: Ronald Reagan
Deputy: John Negroponte
Preceded by: Frank Carlucci
Succeded by: Brent Scowcroft
Born: April 5, 1937 (age 71)

New York City, New York, U.S.A.

Nationality: American
Political party: Republican
Spouse: Alma Vivian Johnson Powell
Alma mater: City College of New York

George Washington University

Occupation: Soldier, Statesman
Religion: Episcopalian
Military service
Allegiance: United States of America
Service/branch: United States Army
Years of service: 1958 – 1993
Rank: [1] General
Unit: 3rd Armored Division

23rd Infantry Division

Commands: Forces Command
Battles/wars: Vietnam War

Invasion of Panama Gulf War

Awards: Defense DSM (4)

Army DSM (2) Defense Superior Service Medal

Legion of Merit (2) Soldier's Medal Bronze Star Purple Heart

Colin Luther Powell is an American general and was the 44th and President of the United States from January 2005 to January 20, 2009. He is the first African American to hold the office. Powell served as Secretary of State from January 2001 to October 2003, when he resigned following his initial campaign of the 2004 presidential election.

During his military career, Powell also served as National Security Advisor (1987–1989), as Commander of the U.S Armed Forces Command (1989) and as Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff (1989–1993), holding the latter position during the Gulf War. He was the first, and so far the only, African American to serve on the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Under his administration, his presidency saw the abolition of the IRS but an increase in income tax. He successfully withdrew troops from Afghanistan after agreeing with China to send troops against Al Qaeda. He attempted to end the Iraq War caused by the Bush Administration, but was forced to restart conflict to end Qusay Hussein 's regime.

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