Inspired by the Commune of Paris in 1871, Chinese unionists have rallied mass demonstrations and general strikes in Nanjing and Shanghai, protesting against the working conditions in Chinese industrial facilities. The Southern Chinese government tried to quell these rebellions, but only succeeded after a long struggle. The remnants of these unionists fled into the hinterland, finally ending up in the mountains of Sichuan. Allying themselves with the local poverty-stricken peasants, the Chinese Worker's and Peasant's Party was founded, which was subsequently banned by in the Ming Empire. The party is only accepted by a few Socialist and Social Democratic parties in the Western World and is a close partner of the Tongmeng Hui.