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Alternate History

Chinese America (Dongbu Diqu)

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Foundation

In this timeline Emperor Yongle's sucessors were also interested in exploring, so in 1435 Chinese admiral and explorer Zheng He was ordered to do a eighth expedition to cross the Pacific Ocean. The fleet left in early 1436, and by the end of the year had made landfall in the OTL San Francisco Bay Area. Soon after, it was ordered that a trading post should be set up there to foster trade and improve souring relations with Native American tribes.

Initial Conflicts

The colony was threatened many times, but the time its destruction was closest was during October 1438, shortly after the town was fortified and garrisoned. Several nearby tribes felt threatened, and when there was a crop failure many tribes decided it was time to strike, formed a coalition, and attacked the colony. Estimates of death tolls vary widely, because the records were lost, but most agree that the Chinese lost between 200 and 350 men, about three fourths of the garrison. Due to the use of gunpowder weapons by the Chinese, the Native Americans lost a disproportionately high number of casualties at 500 to 1,150 casualties. However, these figures are misleading, as almost two thirds of the town was destroyed. The remaining tribes joined China's side, and seized the coalition's land. From then on most enemies would be in the form of other colonial powers, most frequently: Spain, Tunisia, Portugal, and, at a later date, Japan, Korea and the Dutch Republic.

First Sino-Tunisian War

In 1476 tensions between the Ming Dynasty and Tunisia and allied muslim tribes reached a critical point when a Ming affiliated Mohave tribe attacked a nearby Apache hunting party. The Apaches, who had been converted to Islam by Tunisian missionaries, called upon their allies, primarily an Ottoman backed Tunisia to attack the Mohaves, and their allies, primarily Ming China.

Picture 2-0

North America before the First Sino-Tunisian War. Islamic States and influence in blue. Chinese Territory and influence in red. Disputed in green

Battles

There were four main battles of the war, and many raids. Unlike most battles, these were never named.

  1. An Apache raid on Mohave territory was driven back after they encountered a Ming force, and was routed, but inflicted high casualties.
  2. The original raiding party met up with Tunisian Cavalry and Ottoman Janissaries who went on to destroy a Ming force aimed at taking the Apache territory.
  3. Ming leaders trained the Mohaves and the Pomos in the use of firearms, and went through with the original goal of driving the Apaches out of their land. The Ming outflanked the Ottoman Janissaries and made short work of the Tunisian cavalry using their specially designed horse-spooker, a bamboo tube filled with gunpowder. The Janissaries fought to the death, along with the Apaches, but were eventually overwhelmed and destroyed. The Apaches headed east out of their old land and established a new territiory there.
  4. The Tunisians made one last desperate stand at their newly constructed fortress, but they were outnumbered and outgunned. Reinforcements made one final attempt to relive the besieged fort from the Ming army, but were utterly annihilated.

The War's End

The First Sino-Tunisian War came to an end when the Treaty of The New World was signed, removing many muslim tribes from Tunisian influence, and the dividing of the continent in two, Chinese in the west, and Tunisian in the east.

The Turko-Tunisian War and the Eastward Expansion

In this period lasting from 1479 to roughly 1540 Chinese America had a golden age of expansion. Partly triggered by a population boom and partly by new territories annexed in war, Dongbu Diqu, as it is called by its inhabitants, became the biggest and most prosperous colony in the Americas.

The Turko-Tunisian War

In 1497 the Ottoman Empire began to worry that Tunisia was becoming too powerful, and Ottoman ambassadors saw the vast quantity of resources coming from these colonies, and the Ottomans decided that they should declare war. The Ming, seeing this as an opportunity to expand, joined the Ottomans.

Fronts

There were two fronts for the bulk of the war, with the opening of a third bringing it to a quick close.

  1. The African Front, between Tunisia and the Ottoman Empire.
  2. The Chinese Front, between Tunisia and China in the Rockies. (Known in this timeline as the Mountains of Heaven.)
  3. The Eastern Front, Between Tunisia and the Ottomans. This front was opened when the Ottoman fleet captured merchant Tunisian ships, siezed their cargo, and used captured charts to land troops in OTL Georgia.

Treaty of Beijing

The war was ended in 1499 with the treaty of Beijing, signaling the fall of Tunisia. The Ming took most Tunisian affiliated tribes, and began to consolidate their rule in the tribes under their influence. The Ottomans took all of OTL Florida, and parts of OTL Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Tunisia lost all of its colonies and became an Ottoman puppet state, and was later annexed in 1513.

Consolidation of Rule

After about 1450, the Native American tribes began to look with resentment upon the Ming. They rose up once more in 1459, tired of the Chinese ruining the land. Th rebellion was crushed decisively near OTL Sacramento. However, they won many victories before. After the war's end, the Ming tightened their grip on power.

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