China (sometimes called Mainland China) is the name referring to the large region on the East Asian mainland as well as the name for several countries that were located in the mainland throughout history. The People's Republic of China was the governing body of the mainland from 1989 to 1991, only collapsing due to the Second Chinese Civil War as a result of the country's failure during World War III. Mainland China today is split into three countries with three autonomous regions.
The official successor to the People's Republic (1949-1991). The Chinese Federated Union, also called New China or Democratic China, is a democratic state that now occupies the former territories of the PRC in the mainland; except for the provinces of Xinjiang and Tibet which was given independence after World War III. Like it's predecessor, the capital is located in Beijing, or Peking, as the CFU wants to preserve its Chinese history and its cultural heritage. Religions and beliefs have been openly promoted, as well as the spiritual movement of Falun Gong. The Chinese people are now free to openly criticize the government while state owned media outlets have been purchased by private corporations. Today, the CFU is competing with the United States and Japan in terms of the largest company. Recently, it has started discussions and talks with other claimant nations of South China Sea, which is expected to drag on for another few years .
Formerly the province of Xinjiang, East Turkistan declared independence from the PRC during the Second Chinese Civil War. This region is predominantly Muslim just like the nation's Central Asian neighbors.
Tibet finally declared its independence during the Second Chinese Civil War. The Tibetans were supplied by the CIA, MI6, and India in their fight against the PLA. It was recognized as an independent state in 1991 by the President Zhao Ziyang of the Chinese Federated Union. Tibet is a predominantly Buddhist country. It's symbolic and religious leader is the Dalai Llama. The country has good relations with the CFU, India, Nepal, and Bhutan.
Republic of Taiwan
Formerly the Republic of China which governed the island of Taiwan since 1949, Taiwan was recognized by the Chinese Federated Union as an independent nation after the downfall of the PRC in 1991. It was from there the official name became the Republic of Taiwan. Taiwan has good relations with the mainland and its neighboring states. It is a progressive East Asian country in par with Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Singapore.