China (sometimes called Mainland China) is the name referring to the large region on the East Asian mainland as well as the name for several countries that were located in the mainland throughout history. The People's Republic of China was the governing body of the mainland from 1989 to 1991, only collapsing due to the Second Chinese Civil War as a result of the country's failure during World War III. Mainland China today is split into three countries with three autonomous regions.
The official successor to the People's Republic (1949-1991). The Chinese Federated Union, also called New China or Democratic China, is a democratic state that now occupies the former territories of the PRC in the mainland; except for the provinces of Xinjiang and Tibet which was given independence after World War III. Like it's predecessor, the capital is located in Beijing, or Peking, as the CFU wants to preserve its Chinese history and its cultural heritage. Religions and beliefs have been openly promoted, as well as the spiritual movement of Falun Gong. The Chinese people are now free to openly criticize the government while state owned media outlets have been purchased by private corporations. Today, the CFU is competing with the United States and Japan in terms of the largest company. Recently, it has started discussions and talks with other claimant nations of South China Sea, which is expected to drag on for another few years .
Formerly the province of Xinjiang, East Turkistan declared independence from the PRC during the Second Chinese Civil War. This region is predominantly Muslim just like the nation's Central Asian neighbors.
Tibet finally declared its independence during the Second Chinese Civil War. The Tibetans were supplied by the CIA, MI6, and India in their fight against the PLA. It was recognized as an independent state in 1991 by the President Zhao Ziyang of the Chinese Federated Union. Tibet is a predominantly Buddhist country. It's symbolic and religious leader is the Dalai Llama. The country has good relations with the CFU, India, Nepal, and Bhutan.
Formerly the Republic of China which governed the island of Taiwan since 1949, Taiwan was recognized by the Chinese Federated Union as an independent nation after the downfall of the PRC in 1991. It was from there the official name became the Republic of Taiwan. Taiwan has good relations with the mainland and its neighboring states. It is a progressive East Asian country in par with Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Singapore.
Hong Kong was ceded to the British after the Opium Wars in 1841. From the rest of the 19th to the 20th century, Hong Kong was a British colony. It was temporarily lost to the Japanese in 1941 but was reclaimed by the British afterwards. From the 1950s to 1980s, both the UK and the PRC disputed the status of the port. In 1984, an agreement was made that Hong Kong would remain under British control until July 1, 1997. However, World War III broke out and as the PRC joined the Soviet bloc, promptly invaded the colony. The colony fell after three weeks of heavy, house-to-house, urban fighting. It was later liberated by the Allies. Following the war, the British government and the government of the Chinese Federated Union led by Zhao Ziyang was able to renegotiate the transfer of Hong Kong to China. Through the "One Country, Two Systems" policy, Hong Kong is able to have its own autonomy in its affairs but since the new China is democratic, political analysts say this all but in name.
Macau is a former Portuguese colony located off the coast of southern China, just west of Hong Kong. It was one of the last Portuguese holdouts in Asia. Like Hong Kong, Macau was to be returned to China on December 20, 1999 but it was invaded by the PRC during its entry in World War III. Macau was liberated after Hong Kong. Negotiations started with Portugal and the Chinese Federated Union, in which Macau was given an additional year to leased. Macau's sovereignty was handed to the CFU on New Year's Day 2000. Through the "One Country, Two Systems" policy, Macau is able to have its own autonomy in its affairs but since the new China is democratic, political analysts say this all but in name.
The region became known as the Manchuria Autonomous Region in 1996 after a plebiscite was held in which ethnic Manchus demanded more autonomy. While some independence movements have gained momentum or while some have wished to join the new Russian Federation, majority of the Manchu population have desired to remain an autonomous region within the CFU.