China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia. With a population of over 1.23 billion, it is the world's second most populous country, behind only India. China shares borders with British Hong Kong, Portuguese Macau, Vietnam, Siam, India, Bhutan, Sikkim, Nepal, and Korea to the south, the Soviet Union to the north and west, and Mongolia to the north. It also shares maritime borders with the islands of the Republic of China (Taiwan and Hainan) to the east/southeast, over which the PRC claims jurisdiction.
Despite having been in control of mainland China since 1949, the PRC is recognized by only a handful of the League of Nations' member states, the most prominent of which is the Soviet Union.
Beginning of the People's Republic (1949)
Korean War (1950-1954)
Main Article: Korean War (1950-1954)
Tensions With India (1949-1962)
Disaster in the Himalayas (1962)
Main Article: Himalayan War (1962)
Death of Zhou Enlai & the Gang of Four Power Struggle (1969-1976)
The Liu Shaoqi era (1976-1982)
Economic Blunders (1983-88)
Modern Times (1990-present)
Main Article: Provinces of China