Great Qing
Timeline: 1879: Agreement

OTL equivalent: China PR and the Republic of China
Flag of the Qing dynasty (1889-1912) Chinese Dragon Banner
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Beijing
Largest city Shanghai
Other cities Hong Kong, Tianjin, Taipei, Wuhan
  others Manchu, Cantonese
Religion Buddhism, Taoism
Demonym Chinese
Government Parliamentary monarchy
Emperor Hengzhen
  Royal house: Qing
Prime-Minister Ma Ying-jeou
Area 9,931,255 km²
Population 970,000,000 
Established 1644
Currency Yuan
China, officially the Great Qing is the most populous state in the world with 970 million people. Located in East Asia, it borders Korea, Vietnam, Burma, Laos, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and India to the south, Russia and Mongolia to the north, Afghanistan to the west and the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea to the west. Its capital city is Beijing.

At about 9.7 million sq km, China is the world's third largest country by total area, and the second largest by land area. Its landscape is diverse, with forest steppes and deserts (the Gobi and Taklamakan) in the dry north near Mongolia and Russia's Siberia, and subtropical forests in the wet south close to Vietnam, Laos, and Burma. The terrain in the west is rugged and elevated, with the Himalayas and the Tian Shan mountain ranges forming China's natural borders with India, Nepal and Central Asia. In contrast, mainland China's eastern seaboard is low-lying and has a 14,500-km (9000 mi) long coastline (the 11th longest in the world), bounded on the southeast by the South China Sea and on the east by the East China Sea, beyond which lie Japan.

The ancient Chinese civilization—one of the world's earliest—flourished in the fertile basin of the Yellow River which flows through the North China Plain. For more than 6000 years, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies (also known as dynasties). The first of these dynasties was the Xia (approx. 2000 BC) but it was the later Qin Dynasty that first unified China in 221 BC. The current dynasty, the Qing, was established in 1644.

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