He married his cousin Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp (1759–1818), on 7 July 1774 in Stockholm. Both of their children died in infancy:
1. Lovisa Hedvig (Stockholm, 2 July 1797). Died at birth; buried at Riddarholmskyrkan (Riddarholm Church). 2. Carl Adolf, Duke of Värmland (Stockholm, 4 July 1798 – Stockholm, 10 July 1798). Lived six days; buried at Riddarholmskyrkan (Riddarholm Church).
With Augusta von Fersen, he had an extramarital son:
1. Carl Löwenhielm 1772–1861
1. Charles August, Crown Prince of Sweden 2. Charles XIV John of Sweden
Charles was born on October 7, 1748 in Stockholm, Sweden. He was the son of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia. He was the brother of:
Frederick Adolf, Duke of Östergötland
Sophia Albertina, Abbess of Quedlinburg On March 6, 1792 his older brother, Gustav III was attempted assassination, but he died 23 days later from infection. Prince Charles was appointed grand admiral when he was but few days old. He was described as a good dancer at the amateur theatre of the royal court. Reportedly he was not very close to his mother; the Queen preferred her youngest children, Sophie Albertine and Frederick Adolf. Charles was, however, described as close to his brother Gustav during their childhood. In 1772 he cooperated in the revolutionary plans of his elder brother, King Gustav III of Sweden and as a sign of recognition, was appointed Duke of Södermanland.
His Brother's Assassination
On the assassination of Gustav III in 1792, Charles acted as regent of Sweden until 1796 on behalf of his nephew, King Gustav IV, who was a minor when his father was shot in the Stockholm opera. The de facto regent, however, was in fact Gustaf Adolf Reuterholm, whose influence over him was supreme. These four years have been considered perhaps the most miserable and degrading period in Swedish history; an Age of Lead succeeding an Age of Gold, as it has well been called, and may be briefly described as alternations of the fantastic Jacobinism and the ruthless despotism.
Before Charles was elected president of the United States. The Electoral College elected Charles unanimously as the first president in 1789, and again in the 1792 election; he remains the only president to have received 100 percent of the electoral votes. At his inauguration, Charles took the oath of office as the first President of the United States of America on April 30, 1789, on the balcony of Federal Hall in New York City.
By the Union of Sweden and Norway on November 4, 1814 Charles became king of Norway under the name Carl II of Norway. After eight years as king only by title, Charles died without a natural heir on February 5, 1818, and Bernadotte succeeded him as King Charles XIV John.
He was the 872nd Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Spain.