Charles Robert Harold Morgan (December 20, 1898 - November 27, 1971) was an English politician, wartime administrator, philosopher and political theorist. As the first Prime Minister of the Republic of England under the 1957 Constitution and the document's primary architect, he is regarded as the father of the modern English republic and a national hero. During the English Anarchy, he was one of the civilian leaders in London, as he was the city's mayor prior to the collapse of law. Once the Americans arrived, he was identified as the most reliable ally in the city's polarized administration and was the head of the London Authority (1953-1956), the English Provisional Government (1954-1957) and the Commander-in-Chief of the English Republican Army (1953-1966).
As Prime Minister, Morgan pursued an ambitious Reconstruction program which saw surprisingly quick recovery from the Anarchy, although the country was still a low-tier economy deep into the 1970's. Morgan's English Reconstruction focused on commercializing the economy, expanding agriculture, repairing infrastructure, and encouraging immigration. In 1960, he endured three general strikes but survived the general election, but his popularity waned by 1966 and he was defeated by the organized Labour Party. Despite not belonging to any party and discouraging their formation, Morgan's center-right, free-market principles aligned him with the emergent Whigs, whom he supported tacitly until his retirement in 1969.