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Charles Evans Hughes, Sr. (April 11, 1862 – August 27, 1948) was an American statesman, lawyer and politician who served as the 26th President of the United States (1917–1925) and later as United States Secretary of State (1925–1929) and as the eleventh Chief Justice of the United States (1930–1941). Prior to defeating incumbent President Woodrow Wilson in the 1916 election, Hughes served as the 36th Governor of New York (1907–1910), and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1910–1916).
1916 Presidential Election
Hughes resigned from the Supreme Court on June 10, 1916, to be the Republican candidate for President in 1916. Despite many thinking that incumbent Woodrow Wilson would win his reelected bid, there were many who were angry with that fact that he hadn't responded to the recent attacks on American ships by German U-boats. Hughes received widespread support for his moderate stance in the rather laissez-faire dominated Republican Party. He campaigned on a policy of "Peace with Justice", where Germany would face repercussions for the increase in attacks on American ships. Hughes handily defeated Wilson in the election.
First Term 1917-1921
Within a month of his first term, Hughes asked for a declaration of war against Germany. This was in response to Germany sending a telegram to Mexico asking for assistance if the U.S. were to enter the war.
The success of World War I led to an easy election for President Hughes who went up against former Vice-President Thomas R. Marshall. Hughes even carried states in the south like Georgia and Texas.