Alternate History

Channel Islands (Cromwell the Great)

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Channel Islands
Îles d'la Manche
— Home country in union with the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Jersey and Guersey
Channel Islands Flag (CtG) ver02 Arms of the Protectorate (1653–1659)
Channel islands location
Location of the Channel Islands
(and largest city)
Saint Helier (Jersey)
Other cities Saint Peter Port
  others Norman and French
Church of England
  others Other Protestants
Ethnic group European
Government Home country in union with the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
  legislature The States of the Channel Islands
Lord Protector Henry Cromwell
Area 194 km²
Established Part of the Commonwealth 1649 (Guernsey) and 1651 (Jersey)
Admission 12 August 1668
Currency Pound sterling

The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d'la Manche, French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche) are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. They included two former separate Crown dependencies, both bailiwicks: the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Bailiwick of Guernsey. They are considered the remnants of the Duchy of Normandy, and are part of the Commonwealth since 1668.

Both Bailiwicks had been administered separately from the rest of the British Isles, since the late 13th century until 1668; each had its own independent laws, elections, and representative bodies. Any institution common to both was the exception rather than the rule.

Channel Islands

Detail of the Channel Islands.


The Channel Islands have its own primary legislature, known as the States of the Channel Islands. Laws passed by the States are given Assent by The Protector in Council, to whom the islands' governments are responsible.

The Commonwealth Parliament has power to legislate for the Islands but Acts of Parliament do not extend to the Islands automatically. Usually, the Act gives power to extend the application of the Act to the Islands by an Order in Council, after consultation. For the most part the Islands legislate for themselves.

The Governor is in charge of military forces, assessment of legislation, political delegate of the Protector and Council of State, and performs certain executive functions. The care justice, public peace and civil affairs in the Bailiffs, The Bailiffs (one for each Island) are Co-Presidents (presiding officer) of the States of the Channel Islands, heads of the judiciary and as civic heads of the island carries out various ceremonial roles. The executives council includes the Governor, the Bailiffs and de jure officials of the administration.

Act of Union of 1668

Guernsey (since October 1649) and Jersey (since December 1651) had been ruled by Governors appointed by the Parliament. The legislatures of the Islands was suspended until 1667. The passage of the Union by Parliament (12 August 1668) is an official holiday in the Channel Islands as Union and Mutual Partnership Day.

The Act incorporated and reorganized the former Crown dependencies of the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey, the latter two united as the Channel Islands. Religious toleration is established and the forfeiture of all royal property and revenues. All customs and excise taxes between the Commonwealth and the former crown dependencies are abolished, taxes and levies to be harmonized and the contributions to be proportional. The legislature the Channel Island are kept and the former dependencies would have representatives in the Commonwealth Parliament. The power to pass legislation and ordinances affecting the Islands ultimately rests with their own legislative assemblies (the unicameral States of the Channel) and executives council, with the assent of a special committee of the Council of State, that also names the Governors. However local laws prevails, unless specified otherwise. The judiciary of the former Crown dependencies is kept independent and have the right of appeal to the High Judicial Committee of the Commonwealth.

Parliamentary representation

The parliamentary representation of the Channel Islands is the following:

House of Commons Boro'
House of Commons (1654-1669)
House of Commons (1670-... Isle of Man and Channel Islands Constituencies Act of 1669) 1 1 2 2
Senate Total Senators
Senate (1663-1969) / / / /
Senate (1670, by Isle of Man and Channel Islands Constituencies Act of 1669) Senator jointly elected by both territories / / / / 1

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