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The Chancellor of Austria (German: Reichskanzler Österreich) is the head of the government of Austria and is a position analogous to Prime Minister. The Chancellor of Austria is appointed by the King of Austria in theory, but in practice is often selected "upon the recommendation" of the National Assembly (Reichsversammlung), the lower house of the Parliament of Austria (Österreichisches Parlament).
The Chancellor is the head of government and thus heads a Cabinet of fellow Ministers. Until constitutional reforms in 1954, the Chancellor always held the portfolio for the Foreign Ministry in addition to his duties as head of government. Since 1954, the Foreign Ministry has been separarted from the Chancellery. The current Chancellor of Austria is Arnold Schwarzenegger.
List of Chancellors of Austria
Federated Empire of Austria (1919-1954)
|Adolf Hitler||Worker's Party||1941 - March 18, 1947||SPÖ-CS-LVP-AP||War Chancellor|
|Adolf Schärf||Social Democratic||March 18, 1947 - June 8, 1948||SPÖ||First term|
|Theodor Körner||Social Democratic||June 8, 1948 - December 7, 1948||SPÖ|
|Karl Renner||Social Democratic||December 7, 1948 - February 19, 1950||SPÖ|
|Kurt Schuschnigg||Christian Social||February 19, 1950 - October 18, 1951||CS-LVP-LB||Served the entire term between two elections|
|Adolf Schärf||Social Democratic||October 18, 1951 - December 2, 1951||SPÖ-LVP||Second term|
|Alfred Jansa||Liberal People's Party||December 2, 1951 - July 19, 1954||SPÖ-LVP||Last Chancellor of the Empire of Austria|
Kingdom of Austria (1954-present)
|Alfred Jansa||Liberal People's Party||July 19, 1954 - December 17, 1954||SPÖ-LVP||First Chancellor of the Kingdom of Austria|
|Adolf Schärf||Social Democratic||December 17, 1954 - May 2, 1955||SPÖ-LVP||Third term|
|Leopold Figl||Christian Social||May 2, 1955 - May 10, 1956||CS-LVP-Landbund||First term|
|Julius Raab||Christian Social||May 10, 1956 - January 9, 1957||CS-LVP-Landbund|
|Leopold Figl||Christian Social||January 9, 1957 - September 8, 1959||CS-LVP-Landbund||Second term|
|Bruno Pittermann||Social Democratic||September 8, 1959 - October 5, 1963||SPÖ-Landbund|
|Josef Klaus||Christian Social||October 5, 1963 - March 10, 1971||CS-LVP (1964-70); CS-NVP (1970-71)||Last leader of the Christian Social Party|
|Bruno Kreisky||Social Democratic||March 10, 1971 - August 7, 1983||SPÖ-LVP (1971-75); SPÖ (1971-83)||Longest-interred Chancellor in history|
|Alois Mock||People's Alliance||August 7, 1983 - September 1, 1994||
|First Chancellor from the right to form one of his Cabinets without a coalition|
|Erhard Busek||People's Alliance||September 1, 1994 - December 5, 1994||VA-NVP|
|Franz Vranitzky||Social Democratic||December 5, 1994 - October 9, 2003||SPÖ||First SPÖ Chancellor not to form a coalition|
|Arnold Schwarzenegger||People's Alliance||October 9, 2003 - October 30, 2014||VA||First VA Chancellor not to form a coalition|
|Reinhold Mitterlehner||People's Alliance||October 30, 2014 - present||VA||Incumbent|