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Ceuta and Melilla (Vegetarian World)

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Ceuta y Melilla
Ceuta and Melilla
Ceuta and Melilla (Vegetarian World)
Official language Spanish
Capital Ceuta City
Largest Cities Ceuta
Melilla
Casablanca
Population 5,206,000
HDI 0.896 (High)
Nation Formed 1929
Currency Ceuta and Melilla Peso (CMP)
Our Timeline Equivalent Northeastern Morocco, plus Casablanca (an exclave a bit farther south), minus Tangier (which is a Spanish enclave)

Ceuta and Melilla is a North African nation directly to the south of the Strait of Gibraltar. Although lying in Africa, it is sometimes regarded as part of Europe due to the fact that the population and culture are both very similar to those in Europe, and Spain in particular. It is a country made up of two former European colonies.

History

Ceuta was originally taken by the Portuguese before it was ceded to Spain. Melilla was Spanish from the start. Both of these colonies started out as European outposts in the 1400s and grew into towns. Over time, these colonies would spread out to encompass the area that is now Ceuta and Melilla, as well some of what is now Murakush. This was for a variety of reasons. In the late 1400s and throughout the 1500s, Spain was anxious to rid itself of the "Moors", so after pushing the Muslims out of Europe, the Spanish continued to push southwards into Africa. Later, particularly after 1604 when Spain and Portugal were banned from expanding their territory in the New World, Spain concentrated on populating its conquered lands in Northern Africa. As Ceuta and Melilla grew, their borders met.

In 1929, Ceuta and Melilla gained independence peacefully and through a referendum decided to join together. Now, they are two semi-autonomous provinces that are joined as one nation-state.

Geography

Ceuta and Melilla borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Oran (a French territory) to the east, Amazighia to the southeast, and Murakush to the south. It also borders Spain, as the Spanish enclave of Tangier is an exclave of Ceuta. Ceuta and Melilla also has an enclave - Casablanca - a bit farther south on the coast of Murakush.

Demographics

Vegetarianism

53% Vegetarian
47% Non-Vegetarian

Ethnic Groups

Most "Melitanos", as they casually call themselves, are a mix of many ethnic groups - from the ancient Berbers and recent Spanish to Greeks, Phoenecians/Punics, Romans, Arabs, and others. Generally, people who think of themselves as mixed in some way think of their ethnicity also as "Melitano". More recent arrivals and those who don't speak Spanish are more likely to state a separate ethnicity.

68% Melitanos (=Ceutans and Melillans)
15% Spanish
11% Berber
03% Arab
03% others (cheifly Europeans, North Africans, and Ethiopians)

Languages

Ceuta and Melilla's official and most-spoken language is Spanish. However, the local Spanish dialect is called "Melitano" (like the people) and makes use of many Portuguese, Berber, and Arabic words, along with some Spanish vocabulary that is considered obsolete in the Spanish of Castile.

89% Spanish (mostly "Melitano" in all but the most formal situations)
07% Berber
02% Arab
02% others

Religions

76% Christian
59% Catholic
11% nonreligious
07% atheist
04% agnostic
06% Muslim
04% Jewish
02% Cathar
01% others (Hindu, etc)

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