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The Celtican Tribes or simply Gaul is a term used to refer to the various Celtic tribes and peoples inhabiting a portion of Gaul, a region in Western Europe. Referred to in Latin as Gallia Celtica, it is one of the four cultural regions in the Gallic area generally recognized by most cartographers, the other three being Belgica, Aquintine and Narbonensis. The Celtican Tribes, while not united, share very similar cultures, languages and religions while each tribe, however, is a unique entity. Some notable tribes holding power in the Celtican region are the Parisii, Senones, and Pictones.
The early history of the Celtican tribes is largely shrouded in mystery due to the lack of records. Verbal record is the prime method of record-keeping in Celtica still. The tribes of Celtica were never united under one banner, though there were many confederations of neighboring tribes. These confederations would war with other confederations within Celtica as well as war with Iberian and Germanic tribes. Some confederations even warred against civilizations such as the Roman Republic. During the 3rd and 4th centuries BC, many confederations had migrated past the Roman border, into Italia, as well as places to the east and west of its borders. One such Gallic tribe invaded Rome under the banner of Brennus in 390 BC.
The expansion of Brennus' confederation reached a peak in the 3rd century, where they invaded nations as far as Macedon and Illyria and sacked Delphi. They were stopped by the Seleucids. Climate change in the late Bronze Age and the rise of Rhine tribes resulted in the retreat of many confederations back into Gaul and the assimilation of many more tribes into those of tribes from eastern Europe. In the Second Punic Wars, Hannibal, knowing the havoc the Celtican tribes could unleash on Rome, utilized them in combat. They were especially useful in the invasion of Italia, namely the battle of Cannae.
The Celticans practice a form of animism, which attributes spirits to aspects of natures. In particular, the boar is held in high regard. It was a symbol of aggression and strength, resulting in its presence in many military standards in Celtic Gaul. Religion did not play a crucial role in the formation of morals in the Celtic lifestyle, though the religious leaders, Druids, provided guidance to tribes and individuals.