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The capital is Lutetia, and the population is around 50 million.
///to be added after timeline progress///
Constitution and politics
The Celtic constitution follows the Roman model in many ways. Two significant differences are the codification of citizens` rights within a written constitution, and a greater independence of the executive branch from the Senate, including a directly elected head of government and state (Caesar).
The Celtic Senate resides in Lutetia. It has a constitutionally fixed number of 600 delegates. In contrast to Rome, Celtic constituencies are territorially defined and tend not to be adapted very quickly. All citizens over the age of 17 can vote; only citizens over the age of 28 can become senators or Caesar.
Praetors, censors, aedils and quaestors are elected by the Senate just like in Rome and have corresponding power domains. Quota policies are less rigid in the Celtic Empire, though.
Due to the first-past-the-post electoral system it shares with its Roman neighbour, the Celtic political system is dominated by two major parties, too: the Liberales, who advocate individual responsibility, small government and free market policies, and the Iusti, who advocate economic justice, participation and welfare. Both parties look back on more than half a milennium of existence, in which they often switched positions on other issues (like environmental protection, the treatment of Atlantic natives, or relations with Rome) with each other.
The empire focuses traditionally on the close, yet rivalvous relation with its neighbour, Rome. It entertains close and friendly relations with Franconia, Frisia and Norway and generally considers Germania its legitimate sphere of influence. In Atlantis, the Celtic Empire is isolated. The current Iusti government under Caesar Condatimarus undertakes yet another attempt at improving relations with the Union of Atlantic Natives.
For fear of provincial secession movements during the age of anti-imperial nationalist movements in the 15th century, the traditional provinces inherited from Roman times were split up and smaller provinces were formed, which enjoyed a more limited amount of autonomy. Some provinces have managed to obtain greater degrees of independence in the meantime, though. Principally, the provinces are constituted in analogy to the structures at the imperial level.
in prov. Senate
|Batavia||Turnacum||2.2 mill.||LIB (55 %)||Latin|
|Germania Inferior||Colonia Agrippina||2.0 mill.||LIB (51 %)||Latin|
|Germania Superior||Mogontiacum||2.6 mill.||IUS (58 %)||Latin|
|Belgica||Aduatuca||2.8 mill.||IUS (51 %)||Latin|
|Gallia Maritima||Dariorigum||2.0 mill.||LIB (52 %)||Latin|
|Gallia Lugdunensis||Lugdunum||4.7 mill.||LIB (59 %)||Latin|
|Aquitania||Burdigala||2.6 mill.||LIB (54 %)||Latin|
|Aquitania Novempopulorum||Tolosa||1.6 mill.||IUS (53 %)||Latin; Basque|
|Hispania Tarraconensis||Tarraco||4.7 mill.||LIB (52 %)||Latin|
|Hispania Asturica||Asturica Augusta||2.7 mill.||LIB (53 %)||Latin|
|Lusitania||Emerita Augusta||2.8 mill.||IUS (52 %)||Latin|
|Baetica||Cordoba||2.6 mill.||IUS (51 %)||Latin|
|Britannia Inferior||Londinium||4.0 mill.||LIB (56 %)||Latin|
|Britannia Superior||Mancunium||3.9 mill.||IUS (59 %)||Latin|
|Caledonia||Lothianum||1.3 mill.||IUS (51 %)||Latin; New Celtic|
|Pictandia||Cathures||1.2 mill.||IUS (52 %)||Latin; New Celtic|
|Scotia||Eblanes||2.8 mill.||IUS (53 %)||Latin; New Celtic|
|Hibernia||Hibernis||2.3 mill.||LIB (50 %)||Latin; New Celtic|
|Glaciana||Aquae||1.3 mill.||LIB (63 %)||Latin|
|Polaris||Nuucum||0.2 mill.||IUS (69 %)||Latin; Inuit|
|Nova Hibernia||Bonum Adventum||0.9 mill.||IUS (73 %)||Latin; Beothuk; Algonquin|
|Wobanakiacum||Penobscotum||1.1 mill.||IUS (77 %)||Latin; Algonquin|
Population rates in the Celtic Empire are in a very slow decline. Low birth rates (1.4; 56 % natural births) and decreasing immigration lead to this trend.
In contrast to the Roman Empire, ethnicity has been an issue in the Celtic Empire in different periods of history. Therefore, "Celtic" has two meanings today: being a citizen of the empire, and being of Romanised Celtic origin. Other ethnic groups, apart from immigrants, live mostly on Glaciana (ethnically Germanic groups), Polaris (Inuit), Nova Hibernia (Beothuk and Miqmaq) and Wobanakiacum (several Algonquin nations). While Glacianians of Germanic descent (as well as Basques in Aquitania Novempopulorum) are socio-economically well integrated, native Atlantic nations have strong secessionist tendencies and often blame the Celtic empire as incompatible with their way of life. Historically, they had been subject to racial discrimination and economic exploitation; a history that has not yet been fully overcome.
In the historical context of the above-mentioned Celtic nationalism, a "New Celtic" language has been drafted after linguistic evidence from Hibernia, Scotia, Pictandia and Caledonia, where some rural communities still spoke Celtic languages, and taught in schools besides Latin. The lasting success of this semi-artificial language beyond the islands has been limited, but it perseveres there.
Celtic Latin is lexically mostly identical with the Latin spoken in the Roman Empire, but shares some phonetic differences, which are strongest in dialects spoken in the islands and Atlantic provinces.
EconomyThe Celtic Empire is a major global economic power. Its system is decidedly more capitalist than that of its Roman neighbour.
|GDP||53,800 DN p.c.p.a.|
|unemployment rate||7.3 %|
|trade balance||excess export 3.2 % of GDP|
|tertiary education rate||74.0 %|
|agriculture||4.0 % of GDP (4.1 % of workforce)|
|industry||27.6 % of GDP (22.9 % of workforce)|
|services||68.4 % of GDP (73.0 % of workforce)|
Celtic agriculture is highly innovative and among the world leaders in genetically engineered crops and breeds. Farming and agriculture are highly intensified, with a high division of labour, high capital intensity and very industrialised methods. It produces great quantities of inexpensive produce, yet is not renowned for its superior quality (due both to industrial agriculture and the ecological burdens Celtic soil still bears), with the exception of aquaviva from Pictandia and Caledonia (for which a Celtic empire-only Latin word was coined: uisga beata) and deer and salmon from its Atlantic provinces.
Celtic industry is highly developed and a world leader in ship and aircraft engineering. Celtic communication enterprises cover and cater to the entire European, Northern African and Atlantic hemisphere.
Financial services are highly developed in the Celtic empire, too, and involved in investments around the globe. Its boom-bust cycles have repeatedly caused serious economic breakdowns across the planet. Licensed Celtic banks are allowed and enabled by the state to lend significantly more money than they were lent (fractional reserve banking) and move astronomic amounts of money around the globe.
Wealth and income distribution in the Celtic Empire is more inequal than in the Roman Empire, although Iusti governments have repeatedly tried to address these inequalities with progressive income taxation, wealth and luxury taxes and welfare measures.
The Celtic labour market is as tightly regulated as its Roman counterpart. Unemployment rates vary greatly over time; at the moment, they are relatively moderate (7.3 %).
The Celtic Empire undertakes great efforts to rehabilitate its ecosystems, which have been severely damaged by deforestation (already in Roman times), havaries of the chemical industry (especially in Hispania) and residual radiation from a major meltdown in a power plant in Aquitania in the 16th century, when the Celts had tried to convert their energy production away from coal and petrol by the help of nuclear fission technologies, as well as overfished seas and depleted soils.
Celtic culture, while exhibiting similar artefacts and public rituals as its Roman counterpart, is much more centered around the individual, the nuclear family and personal / romantic notions of love and mutual responsibility.
Celtic society is also shaped by the relatively small size of its urban settlements (oppida) as compared to Roman mega-cities. Celtic oppida often have 30-70,000 inhabitants, and although they provide their citizens with a good infrastructure, they do not create an anonymous mass culture like in the Roman Empire.
Literature, visual arts and especially music are highly valued and developed in the Celtic Empire. Their distribution and access is mostly organised on a private proprietary basis (as compared to publicly funded and exhibited art in Rome).
Celtic society has provided the world with many influential innovations in modern popular music.
While horti are non-compulsory in the Celtic Empire, twelve years of schola are mandatory for all children and adolescents over the age of 6. Celtic schools are tightly controlled by the empire and provinces. They ensure an almost completely literate population and a well qualified workforce, although comparative international studies have shown Celtic schools to be no better than their Roman counterparts, and political criticism has been raised around the question of an indoctrination of schoolchildren with the myth of a Celtic identity in Celtic schools.
Celtic universities are less tightly controlled by the state, some are even run by foundations and the Celtic Church. Quality varies greatly, but some Celtic universities are among the world`s leading research centres and look back on almost two milennia of tradition, in which Celtic empiricism, electricity, the cell structure, nuclear physics and many other ideas have been developed or discovered in Celtic universities. Especially its elite universities are widely criticised for their restrictive (and allegedly socially discriminatory) access regulations. Nevertheless, 74 % of all Celts have enjoyed tertiary education (percentage rates are considerably lower in Atlantis).
Celtic society is extremely secular, only one in five Celts describe themselves as members of a religious group or cult. Nevertheless, especially through its influence on political, economic and cultural leaders, the Celtic Church has shaped society to a significant degree, e.g. preventing the establishment of a Roman-style mass culture and upholding what are generally called "family values" among Celts.
More recently, (not only the) indigenous population of the Atlantic provinces exhibits a renaissance of neo-animist cult and philosophy inspired by similar developments in the neighbouring Union of Atlantic Nations.