Location of Carthage circa 264 BC
|Languages|| Punic language|
|•||814-??? BC||Dido (first)|
|Historical Era||Era One, Era Two, and Era Three|
|•||Founding of Carthage||814 BC|
|•||The Mediterranean War||245-244 BC|
|•||Ptolemaic-Carthegian War||97-95 BC|
|•||1167 Uprisings||1167 AD|
|•||1 AD est.||1.5 million|
Carthage was a monarchy in Libya that existed between 814 BC and 1167 AD. During this time, it was a major trading hub and military power. It was highly influential across Europe and Ethiopia. At several times during its existence it had a near monopoly on trade in the Mediterranean, and massive political control over its neighbors. This would make it one of the richest and longest lasting nations to ever exist, and its government model was attempted by various other powers on the Mediterranean. Eventually it would fall during the revolts of 1167, and be reestablished as a republic.
The Mediterranean War
After Safinei sailors had ignored the trade tax set by Carthage and Safineim had declared war on them, Carthage was thrown into one of its first major conflicts. Quickly they were able to take advantage of their vastly superior navy to corner the Safinei in a series of concentrated battles. Winning all of these sea battles resulted in Carthaginian dominance over the sea, as well as destruction of the Safinei Navy. With the seas controlled by them, Carthage began massing troops on Sicily, ready to invade southern Italy. This put Safineim into a state of panic as they scrambled to set up a defense.
Using their enemy's panic to their advantage, Carthage start a massive attack. Quickly, they established a foothold, at which point they were held back by the desperate remains of the Safinei army. This put the war at a near stalemate, with Carthage making only limited gains. Eventually however, a blockade of Safinei ports and a massive assault by Carthage forced Safineim to surrender. The terms were surprisingly lenient, as Safneim was allowed to continue trade, though under much stricter rules. This put Carthage in the position of a major Mediterranean for the next several hundred years.
In order to further expand their trade and influence, Carthage decided to colonize Iberia. Ports grew much larger, and inland expansion began as well. The new ports provided much easier access to Italian trade, and new trading routes help Carthage increase their influence in Gaul. As the Colonies grew, they began to go farther inland, making a further diversified economy. However, when the population began to become more significant, they began to demand increasingly more rights and privileges. After a summer of what amounted to rioting, these privileges were given, and the former relationship was restored. Citizens in Carthage Iberia became citizens of Carthage by default, and thus control was solidified over the region.
The Ptolemaic-Carthiginian War
Wanting the expand their trade to the Eastern Mediterranean, Carthage decided to launch an attack on the Ptolemaic Empire to take Alexandria. The goal was to use the valuable city as an eastern trading hub. The idea was very popular with the populace, and thus, in 17 AD, the idea came to fruition. Because of the limited nature of the war, it had very little effect on Carthaginian society. It lasted three years, and at the end, Carthage had a major economic boost. The war, at least for Carthage, was undeniably worth it. As for the Ptolemaics, they would be in chaos until around 40 AD, at which point they would be reformed into the world's first Christian kingdom.
Expansion Across Libya
Alliance With Orleans
Second Gallic War
Rebellion and Reform