Carlos Menem was the third Prime Minister of Argentina from 1988 to 2000. Menem was a leader of the 1987 coup d'etat. Menem was a founding member of the Argentinian Republican Party and the second freely elected Prime Minister, after Salvador Allende. Menem was a principle writer of the Second Argentinian Constitution. He was term limited out of office in the 1999 general elections and succeeded by Nestor Kirchner.