1988 Flag of Canada (Pantone) 1996
Canadian Federal Election, 1993
All 295 seats in the House of Commons
148 seats needed for a majority
25 October 1993
Turnout 70.9%
First party Second party Third party
125px-Jean Chretien 2010 R02photoJ. Charest Lucien Bouchard02 crop
Leader Jean Chretien Jean Charest Lucien Bouchard
Party Liberal Progressive Conservative Bloc Quebecois
Leader's seat Saint-Maurice Sherbrooke Lac-Saint-Jean
Last election 83 seats, 31.92% 169 seats, 43.02% pre-creation
Seats before 81 156* 10
Seats won 105 99 61
Seat change 24 57 51
Popular vote 4,621,039 4,252,012 2,067,919
Percentage 33.81% 31.11% 15.13%
Swing 1.89% 11.91% 15.13%
Fourth party Fifth party
Preston Manning in 2004 Audrey mclaughlin 2013 04 30
Leader Preston Manning Audrey McLaughlin
Party Reform NDP
Leader's seat Calgary Southwest Yukon
Last election 0 seats, 2.09% 43 seats, 20.38%
Seats before 1 44
Seats won 25 5
Seat change 24 39
Popular vote 1,879,150 685,251
Percentage 12.72% 5.01%
Swing 10.63% 15.37%
Prime Minister before election
Jean Charest
Progressive Conservative

The Canadian federal election of 1993 (officially, the 35th general election) was held on Monday October 25 of that year to elect members to the Canadian House of Commons of the 35th Parliament of Canada. Fourteen parties competed for the 295 seats in the House at that time. It was one of the most eventful elections in Canada's history, with nearly half of the electorate switching parties from the 1988 election. The Liberals, led by Jean Chrétien, won a very slim minority in the House and formed the next government of Canada.

The election was called on Wednesday September 8, 1993 by the new Progressive Conservative Party leader, Prime Minister Jean Charest, near the end of his party's five-year mandate. When he assumed office, the party was deeply unpopular, and was further weakened by the emergence of new parties that were competing for its core supporters. Charest's initial efforts helped the party recover greatly in pre-election polls before the writs were issued. However, this momentum did not last, and the Progressive Conservatives narrowly lost to the Liberal Party on election night. However, with only a 6 seat plurality over the Progressive Conservatives, Jean Chretien struggled to form a government. Eventually, he was forced into a highly controversial confidence and supply agreement with the newly formed Bloc Quebecois, which paved the way for the Quebec Independence Referendum in 1995.

Two new parties emerged in this election, partly from the supporters of the Progressive Conservatives and Liberals.[2] The sovereigntist Bloc Québécois won over half the votes in Quebec and became the third largest party. The Reform Party, a western-based protest party, also won several seats, enough to split the vote and prevent a 3rd consecutive Progressive Conservative government. However, it did not have nearly as much success as the Bloc Quebecois

The traditional third party, the NDP, collapsed to five seats only one election after having what was then its best performance. It remains the NDP's worst result in a federal election since its formation and the only election where the party polled less than one million votes.

The 1993 Election is attributed with the causing the 1995-96 Canadian Constitutional Crisis and the later Civil War