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|‹ 1988 1996 ›|
|Canadian Federal Election, 1993|
| All 295 seats in the House of Commons|
148 seats needed for a majority
|25 October 1993|
|First party||Second party||Third party|
|Leader||Jean Chretien||Jean Charest||Lucien Bouchard|
|Party||Liberal||Progressive Conservative||Bloc Quebecois|
|Last election||83 seats, 31.92%||169 seats, 43.02%||pre-creation|
|Seat change||▲ 24||▼ 57||▲ 51|
|Swing||▲ 1.89%||▼ 11.91%||▲ 15.13%|
|Fourth party||Fifth party|
|Leader||Preston Manning||Audrey McLaughlin|
|Leader's seat||Calgary Southwest||Yukon|
|Last election||0 seats, 2.09%||43 seats, 20.38%|
|Seat change||▲ 24||▼ 39|
|Swing||▲ 10.63%||▼ 15.37%|
The Canadian federal election of 1993 (officially, the 35th general election) was held on Monday October 25 of that year to elect members to the Canadian House of Commons of the 35th Parliament of Canada. Fourteen parties competed for the 295 seats in the House at that time. It was one of the most eventful elections in Canada's history, with nearly half of the electorate switching parties from the 1988 election. The Liberals, led by Jean Chrétien, won a very slim minority in the House and formed the next government of Canada.
The election was called on Wednesday September 8, 1993 by the new Progressive Conservative Party leader, Prime Minister Jean Charest, near the end of his party's five-year mandate. When he assumed office, the party was deeply unpopular, and was further weakened by the emergence of new parties that were competing for its core supporters. Charest's initial efforts helped the party recover greatly in pre-election polls before the writs were issued. However, this momentum did not last, and the Progressive Conservatives narrowly lost to the Liberal Party on election night. However, with only a 6 seat plurality over the Progressive Conservatives, Jean Chretien struggled to form a government. Eventually, he was forced into a highly controversial confidence and supply agreement with the newly formed Bloc Quebecois, which paved the way for the Quebec Independence Referendum in 1995.
Two new parties emerged in this election, partly from the supporters of the Progressive Conservatives and Liberals. The sovereigntist Bloc Québécois won over half the votes in Quebec and became the third largest party. The Reform Party, a western-based protest party, also won several seats, enough to split the vote and prevent a 3rd consecutive Progressive Conservative government. However, it did not have nearly as much success as the Bloc Quebecois
The traditional third party, the NDP, collapsed to five seats only one election after having what was then its best performance. It remains the NDP's worst result in a federal election since its formation and the only election where the party polled less than one million votes.