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This time line is about Benedict Arnold and General Montgomery capturing much of eastern Canada which therefore will see Arnold not betraying the Americans later as he is given much credit with victories he led in the war. As French-Canada and sympathetic Canadians join the revolution the United States is expanded but a tough road still lay ahead. No events before the beginning of the invasion and early parts of the invasion will not change.
POD(s) and Alternate Happenings
George Washington decides to change Arnold's plan to invade Quebec just a bit by having him move toward Quebec City but when close enough to the city regroup and meet with Montgomery and then lay siege to the city. Meanwhile, Montgomery is also relayed a message from Washington telling him to recruit sympathetic Canadiens and try to convince soldiers to enlist one more year. Montgomery does so and is able to recruit an amount of almost 500 to replace those whose left but he is able to convince enough to stay thats enlistments were up as now they have a considerably bigger force than before. Also when Montgomery leaves Montreal under control of Wooster he instead does a better job and is able to keep the support of the community securing Montreal as a definite stronghold. Another is that instead when the troops meet at the outskirts of Quebec City they decide to not attack since the snowstorm will mostly cause a defeat. This will greatly help the Americans secure a victory in Quebec. Several days later when the snowstorm ends the Americans have a full-fledged plan ready to take the city and with the help of Christophe's ironworks supply of ammunition the Americans pull out a surprising victory that may also secure alliances and loans from Europe. As Quebec falls under American control by April of 1776, Quebec is added to the Congress and is given its voice, pleasing the people of Quebec. By then American reinforcements are high and Quebec seems to be unable to be retaken but only time will tell if so.
All events before June of 1776 are above.
This year so the rise of a nation and the fall of an empire, at least that is in North America.
In June the Americans begin to gather representatives for a possible declaration of independence. Quebec becomes part of this Congress in June and immediately pushes for independence. Meanwhile diplomats are sent to France to convince them to help supply and fight with the Americans. The French of course are not easily convinced but after learning of the capture of Quebec and also the acceptance of Quebec into the Continental Congress the French decide to heavily supply the Americans with weapons and also loan them much needed money and promise to give them out of service warships and merchant ships. Meanwhile the British have reinforcements sent to Halifax to immediately be sent to Quebec to retake the city from the Americans. The Americans hear of the approaching army and quickly make preparations for the Second Battle of Quebec. In late June the Continental Congress unanimously votes to declare independence. A draft will be made and submitted by Jefferson, Adams, and Franklin.
On July 3 the declaration is ratified and on July 4 the new United States of America rings bells and fires gun and fireworks into the sky. Britain now vows to subdue America once and for all and promises to punish those who have led this “revolution”. The American Revolution officially begins. As the war progresses Canada slowly falls under American control most notably at the Battle of Toronto but problems are occurring at home. New York is being attacked but another POD occurs when Washington decides to have majority of the 20,000 American troops move to Long Island. The British are surprised and a long battle ensues. The Americans when they have the chance have the remaining troops sneak behind the Brits and soon the Brits are weakened beyond repair and evacuate back to Staten Island where they stay for quite some time but not before they lose almost half of their original 22,000 troops. The Americans on the other hand lose only about one eighth of their army which was originally 20,000. By the end of October the Brits have fled Staten Island and make their way to both Trenton and Princeton in New Jersey where they defeat state militia and have Hessians also move in to protect the cities. Weeks go by before major offensives occur but on December 11 the British initiate the Second Battle of Quebec. The Americans having been prepared for months for the attack and also having gained support among the locals are able to defeat the British badly. General Howe, the man who lost New York, realizes that Philadelphia is a poorly protected area. Washington meanwhile has secured other victories when he, like in OTL, surprises the Hessians at Trenton and then Princeton to secure New Jersey. Howe knows that if Philadelphia is not captured the war will be over along with his career.
As a new year rings in, the British have so far failed to hold on to its North American Colonies. The Americans have learned of the planned assault on Philadelphia and have gathered almost 25,000 troops for the attack on Howe. Howe landed at the northern tip of the Chesapeake so Washington decides to send his 25,000 in between Philadelphia and Howe’s troops. The Battle of Brandywine leads to Howe making a new plan to have his troops encircle the Americans. Many of his fellow commanders view this as an impossible move since he has only roughly 11,000 troops and is losing troops to desertion fast. The Americans soon route the British and Howe flees to Halifax with what is left of his army. The British then go with a different plan, send troops to the supposed more loyalists south. The Americans though are still busy in the north and are unable to send to many troops to the south. Washington though has an idea he wants to put into action, the invasion of the Ohio River Valley. Some view this plan as unnecessary while others feel it is necessary and some have no real opinion of it. The French meanwhile have decided to side with the Americans and officially announce the alliance and declaration of war on Britain on April 1, 1777. King George III of Britain knows that if his Royal Army and Navy can not defeat the American “rebels” he will lose his empire and parliament support piece by piece. As British morale is low the Americans capture much of the west in easy victories as Brits give up and flee to the few strongholds left. As word spreads of the French siding with the Americans other nations soon join the Americans as Spain and the Dutch join on the side of the Americans to get at the British. By November of this year the French and Spaniards have assembled an armada to invade the British Isles while sending troops and ships to American and colonies around the world. As the year comes to an end the British are rapidly deploying troops around the world and especially into Halifax, the West Indies, India, and southern coastal strongholds in America as the empire holds on to its life.
A new year dawns and for British it will most likely be another year of hell. As the British reinforcements arrive the Americans and their allies are well ready for them. On the sea, naval battles rage across the Atlantic, Channel, and the coasts of Britain’s colonies. The Brits though begin to have success but not necessarily in America. They capture many French and Dutch territories and forts in India and lay siege to some French forts in the West Indies. The Spanish meanwhile battle for Florida and do their best to secure Cuba from possible British Invasion. As the British march through South Carolina and Georgia the American, General Nathanael Greene uses guerrilla warfare to defeat the British as by the end of the year the British give up on their try on the south. To the north the forces that have arrived in Halifax are heading to Boston to capture the city where this all started and where they plan to end it. The British meanwhile draw up a plan that if this initiative fails they will send General Cornwallis to make a try at Virginia and if it fails they will surely give up. As the French and Spanish threat gets ever closer to home the British initiate the operation in early July. They reach the outskirts of Boston by October. Meanwhile, the Americans under Washington had been taking the rest of Ontario but then when word spread of the British march to Boston Washington led majority of his now massive force of almost 35,000 troops which was recently trained by Lafayette and Von Steuben during winter. The troops met the British a little late as the militia were being beaten badly by the trained British when the fresh American troops arrived the British were routed and fled Boston in dismay. People in Britain were calling for peace but King George III would not give up the fight. More troops deserted and began to surrender without a fight. The British immediately send troops through the hostile Chesapeake Bay and land them near a place called Yorktown, Virginia. Months will go by before an end comes to this war.
As the British head to Yorktown with over 8,000 troops they also have ships defend the harbor. They burn towns along the way and lay siege to Richmond and after chasing the militia away from the city they burn most of the city to the ground. Meanwhile the majority of American and some French troops travel along the coast in French transports while some troops go through the woods to get Yorktown. After seeing the devastation of Richmond and other towns across the state they vow revenge on the British for the damage they have done. By mid April they reach the outskirts of Yorktown and discover that the British have settled in well but have little ways of cover. The Franco-American force immediately lays siege within the day they arrive and the British are caught off guard. The battle goes on for weeks as the Americans slowly approach the inner city. On May 29th Cornwallis sends a letter to Washington of his surrender and on May 31st the official ceremony of surrender is held. The year then has diplomats being sent to Europe to discuss a peace treaty. In the American colonies small battles continue while a treaty is defined. By December 24th the Treaty of Paris is finished and has many points outlined that will define the world for years to come. Just a few of these points are:
- The British must recognize the newly independent United States of America.
- The British may make no more claims to any colony in North America east of 97 longitude and north of the US border.
- The United States gain complete control of the Mississippi River unless deals are made with other nations or Britain to be accessible to it.
Many other points are made in the treaty and if you want to learn more go to link above.
The Birth of A New Nation(1780-1790)
As a new nation emerges from the British Empire conflict arises quickly as Constitution that is weak must be replaced soon or the new nation will fall as quickly as it rose.
The Articles of Confederation is adopted by the United States. It is largely the same as OTL.
Rebellion breaks out in Massachusetts over high taxes passed by the state government. Although the rebellion is dealt with, it underscores the flaws of the Articles.
The Constitutional Convention is held in Philadelphia.