The Dominion of Canada (French: Dominion du Canada), commonly known as Canada, is a nation in eastern North America. It is bordered by Quebec to the east and the United States and Mexico to the south.
Canada has been inhabited for millennia by various groups of Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled along the region's Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War. In 1851, after the independence of Upper and Lower Canada, the British government helped to unite Rupert's Land, the North-Western Territory, New Caledonia, and the Dependency of Labrador into the Dominion of Canada.
By the late 1840s, Lower and Upper Canada had begun to rebel against the British political reform. The two colonies had gained military support from both the French Republic and the United States. As a result of the rebellions, Lower Canada had gained independence as Quebec and Upper Canada later became a state of the United States. This left the remaining low-population British colonies vulnerable to further expansion by the United States.
As a result, the United Kingdom had united the British North American colonies of Rupert's Land, the North-Western Territory, New Caledonia, and the Dependency of Labrador into a single nation, Canada, under the British Crown. Meanwhile, the Maritime colonies of New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland Island united into the Dominion of Acadia.
Government and politics
Provinces and territories