The French Imperial Colony of Canada, more commonly referred to as French Canada or just Canada, is a major overseas possession of the French Empire , and is its oldest colony, composed of territory in North America owned by France for centuries, albeit with a brief fifty-year period of British control in the late 1700's and early 1800's. Canada has a population of about 15 million, and is centered largely along the St. Lawrence River. The capital of the colony is Québec, although the largest city is Montréal. The official language is French, which about 98% of the population speaks, and Roman Catholicism is the recognized colonial faith, making Canada the only colony with an official state-sponsored church/religion.
Canada, due to its proximity to the United States, is considered the most "liberal" or "Americanized" part of the French Empire, and although it was once a major trade base between France and America, the colony evolved into a crucial and sometimes critical hotspot in the Cold War - during the French Civil War, the American government intervened and occupied Montreal to put down an insurrection and were later driven out, and the stationing of French missiles and troops in Canada is often compared strategically to the positioning of American missiles and military personnel in allied England.
While Canada has enjoyed nominal autonomy since the 1800's, it was granted Special Rights and Privileges under the Colonial Act of 1955 in which the colony, along with Algeria, became the only colonies out of the French Empire's numerous overseas holdings to elect their own Governeur-Generals, and after numerous minor reforms towards autonomy in the latter half of the 20th century, Canada received total and complete home rule in 2007, although its Parliament is still subservient to Paris as part of the new "French Commonwealth" of overseas territories, and Canada cannot claim responsibility for French Foreign Legion forces.