Christopher Columbus' discovery of the modern day Bahamian island of San Salvador in October 1492 was followed by dozens of expeditions over the next hundred and twenty-five years to the New World, or America, as named after the Italian mapmaker Amerigo Vespucci in 1507. John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) is credited with the discovery of continental North America in June 1497, approximately five-hundred years ago. Columbus himself would make another three voyages to the modern-day Caribbean before his death in 1506. In April 1513, Juan Ponce de León (sailing for Ferdinand II of Aragon) landed in modern day Florida, most likely at St. Augustine, while in 1624, Giovanni da Verrazzano (sailing for Francis I of France) explored the Atlantic coast of the Carolinas.
In 1756, the French and Indian War erupted as the result of clashing British and French colonial interests in North America, and as the overseas extension of Europe's Seven Year's War. In 1763, Quebec fell to British troops and the French garrisons of North America surrendered, ending the war and giving Britain control of all France's North American territory, in addition to French cession of the Louisiana Territory to the Spanish for the next forty years.
War of 1812 (1812-1815)
Main Article: War of 1812 (1812-1815)
Growth of the Union (1812-1889)
World War I (1914-1918)
Main Article: World War I (1914-1918)
Inter-war period (1918-1941)
World War II (1941-1946)
Main Article: World War II (1938-1946)
Cold War (1948-1991)
Main Article: Cold War (1948-1991)
End of the Cold War (1991)
Cascadia was formed by the Canadian province of British Columbia and the two US states of Oregon and Washington. Together these entities attempted to break away from their parent bodies unsuccessfully, but created the first multi-country jurisdiction in which the two former states and former province combined but are neither a state nor a province. However, the annexes are goverend by the country of which side of the 49th parallel they are located.
Labrador was subject to being seized by Québec due to a territorial dispute which ultimately caused Labrador to declare its cessesion from Newfoundland. Newfoundland approached Canadian Parliament to declare an official investigation as to who's land Labrador belongs. The investigation began on 13 August 2012, coinciding with Civic Day in Newfoundland. After two months of investigations, Parliament reached a conclusion that neither province had territorial rights to Labrador and granted Labrador its own provincial charter on 27 October 2012.
Northern Ontario/Lower Ontario (and Hurontario)
Northern Ontario's cessesion from Ontario was primarily based on resons revolving around the sport of curling. Especially with the Tim Horton's Brier, Northern Ontario had had notable participation in the competition. Ontario subsequently changed it's name to "Lower" Ontario due to its now much smaller land area and population compared to that of Northern Ontario. There was even some debate of having the counties nearest the US state of Niagara primarily to eliminate the border causing trouble for tourists, but was quickly ousted from both Canadian Parliament and the US Congress. It was falsely rumored that the split would have been into three, not two, provinces with Lower Ontario Split just north of metropolitan Toronto and including Kitchiner, London, and Windsor as a part of a smaller Lower Ontario while the norther portion including Barrie, Kingston, and Peterborough as Hurontario.
Québec was (until 2013) a province of Canada. Quietly discussing cessesion, a new currency was printed in addition to new signage and other related business. With said actions in place, the Province of Québec filed for cessesion in Canadian Parliament on 1 July 2013. After deliberations, Québec won its independence from Canada on 1 December and officially was recognized by Canada on 8 January 2014. All other countries, however, consider the 1 December 2013 date as the official date of Québecois independence.