The Republic of Canada (French: République du Canada) is a unitary sovereign state comprising territory in the northern part of the continent of Vinlandia.
The land now called Canada has been inhabited for millennia by various Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French colonies were established on the region's Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various conflicts, the United Kingdom gained and lost North American territories until left, in the late 18th century, with what mostly comprises Canada today. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1, 1867, three colonies joined to form the autonomous federal Dominion of Canada. This began an accretion of provinces and territories to the new self-governing Dominion.
In 1931, Britain granted Canada near total independence with the Statute of Westminster 1931.
Canada has five provinces.
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Nova Scotia
- New Brunswick