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The Kingdom of Cambodia, formerly known as Kampuchea, is a country in Southeast Asia that borders Thailand to the west and northwest, Laos to the north, Vietnam to the east and southeast, and in the south it faces the Gulf of Thailand. The geography of Cambodia is dominated by the Mekong River and the Tonlé Sap.
Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy with Norodom Sihamoni as King . Phnom Penh is the kingdom's capital and largest city, and is the principal center for the economical, industrial, commerce and cultural center of Cambodia. Siem Reap, a city located near the famous ruins of Angkor Wat is the gateway to the Angkor region, and is Cambodia's main destination for tourism. Battambang, the largest city in western Cambodia, is known for its rice production and Sihanoukville, a coastal city, is the primary sea port and beach resort.
Cambodia has an area of approximately 181,035 sq km (69,898 sq mi) and a population of over 12 million ethnic Khmer. A citizen of Cambodia is usually identified as "Cambodian" or "Khmer", though the latter strictly refers to ethnic Khmers. Most Cambodians are Theravada Buddhists, but the country also has a substantial number of predominantly Muslim Cham, as well as ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese and small animist hill tribes.
Agriculture has long been the most important sector to the Cambodian economy, with around 59% of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood (with rice being the principal crop). Garments and construction are also important. In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters, and once commercial extraction begins in 2011, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia's economy
In November 1978, Vietnamese troops invaded Cambodia to stop Khmer Rouge incursions across the Vietnamese border and the genocide in Cambodia. The People's Republic of Kampuchea, led by the Salvation Front, a group of Cambodian leftists dissatisfied with the Khmer Rouge, was established.
In 1981, three years after the Vietnamese invasion the country was divided up between a further three factions that the United Nations euphemistically referred to as the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea. This consisted of the Khmer Rouge, a royalist faction led by Sihanouk, and the Khmer People's National Liberation Front. The Khmer Rouge representative to the United Nations, Thiounn Prasith was retained.
After Doomsday cut off the Cambodians from their suppliers, they were beginning to weaken. The country was locked in a war with the Vietnamese. However, fortunately for the Cambodians, the Vietnamese were also weakened by Doomsday. After a few years of cold war, the Cambodians and the Vietnamese signed the Treaty of Saigon, officially ending the war.
Inspired by the Vietnamese Civil War of 1984-88, a similar group of rebels planned their takeover of the country. Their plot, based on the "Operation Valkyrie" of WWII, went into effect on June 20th, 1989 (The 45th Anniversary of the original plot). A bomb was successfully detonated at a meeting of Cambodian leadership killing, among others, Chan Sy. The conspirators swiftly seized control of the nation, and formally made the country a monarchy again. On September 6th Norodom Sihanouk was officially re-crowned King of Cambodia.
The Royal Cambodian Armed Forces consists of the Royal Cambodian Army, the Royal Cambodian Navy, and the Royal Cambodian Air Force. The king is the Supreme Commander of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) and the country's prime minister effectively holds the position of commander-in-chief. The introduction of a revised command structure early in 2000 was a key prelude to the re-organisation of the RCAF. This saw the Ministry of National Defence from three subordinate general departments responsible for logistics and finance, materials and technical services, and defence services. The High Command Headquarters (HCHQ) was left unchanged, but the general staff was dismantled and the former will assume responsibility over three autonomous infantry divisions. A joint staff was also formed, responsible for inter-service coordination and staff management within HCHQ.
The older population often lacks education, particularly in the countryside, which suffers from a lack of basic infrastructure. Fear of renewed political instability and corruption within the government discourages foreign investment and delay foreign aid.
The textile industry is the most important industry in Cambodia.
The Cambodians have close relations with their neighboring nations. Though the relations with Vietnam were rocky, they cleared up by the necessity of Doomsday. They are currently observers in the LoN, but they have petitioned the LoN for full membership.