Alternate History

Caledonia (Superpowers)

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Caledonia Borealum
Caledonia the North
Location of Caledonia
Capital Correlia
Largest City Correlia
Official Language Latin (98%)
Other Languages Greek (34%); Brythonnic (18%); Aramaic (3%)
Demonym Caledonus
Population 13,595,000
Population Density 131.6 hab/km2
Area 103,500 km2
Bureaucratic Representation
Slavery Rate
Imperial Annexation 223 CE
Currency Aureus Romanus
Territory OTL Scotland, most of the North West and North East regions of England and the north half of the Yorkshire and Humber region

Caledonia (Scotland) or Pictavia is a province of the Imperium Romanum. Bordering Magna Britannia and Cambria to the South, Caledonia is the second northernmost Roman province in Europe, and the fourth northernmost Roman province in Eurasia. In addition to its mainland, Caledonia consists of over 790 islands, including the Haebrides and the Insulae Septentrionalae.

Though it is dotted by many small cities, over half of the province's population is concentrated in the Municipality of Correlia, its capital. This large city of 7,430,000 inhabitants is the fourth most prosperous trading center on the West Coast of Europe, as well as the second most populous city of the Isles.

Though Caledonia has vast plains much like Great Britain to the south, the land is mostly unsuitable for agriculture and so the province is not the agricultural powerhouse of its contemporary. One advantage it does have is that off its coast is located the largest oil reserves in all of Western Europe.

The province used to consist of Pict lands mostly dominated by the Caledonii tribes, among others. In 201 CE, the Emperor Sulla the Great invaded Pictavia with his battle hardened legions and over the course of a five year guerrilla war, eventually succeeded in conquering the remainder of the Island. Their ownership was only in name, however, until the foundation of Correlia in 223 CE. The settlement grew rapidly, already exceeding existing native settlements in size by 227 CE. Several other settlements have been founded in Caledonia and it currently boasts the third largest population in the Britannic Isles, after Magna Britannia and Cambria.

Unlike the two provinces to its south, Caledonia more easily integrated itself with the Roman Empire and a millennium after annexation, no demographic traces of the old culture remained. Though the Pict-like Brythonic language still exists within the population, this is only as it is one of the Britannic provinces and so the language has become a necessary aspect of the bureaucracy. Its influence is much weaker than in Magna Britannia and Cambria, however, and most people who learn it only do so if they have aspirations of a political career.

Caledonia is also a vital crossroads for world commerce. The city of Correlia is a doorway to the Atlantic, and therefore the world market, whilst the city of Votadinum leads into the Baltic Sea. The two cities are connected by an underground railroad, built under the old one in 1934. This was only after plans to built a canal between the two cities were finally rejected after several years of dispute. Regardless, the advancement has allowed the province to further prosper in the XXth century, and it remains the fastest growing island economy in the world as the Danes have rebounded into the market following their defeat in the Third World War of the late 80's and early 90's.


The term Caledonia originates from one of the major tribes of the area prior to Roman rule, the Caledonii. The Emperor Sulla I chose this name for the new province, over Pictavia, due to already garnered respect for the name, and as a symbol of respect to the Auxilia in the province who consisted of members of the tribe itself.


The province of Caledonia comprises the northern half of the island of Britannia, the rest being taken up by Cambria and Magna Britannia. It is therefore the largest province that is part of the Britannic Isles, exceeding Thule Minor by only several hundred sq km. Caledonia only has two land borders, that being with its Britannic brothers to the south. The one with Cambria is also the smallest land border between any two Roman provinces in the entire Empire.

The territorial extent of the province was established by the reforms of Emperor Aegranus during his reunification of the Empire. Though Caledonia kept its original historical borders while part of the Free Republic of Britannia, it was decided that this arrangement should be changed to better reflect demographic reality. Therefore, parts of Magna Britannia, and a little from what was going to be the new province of Cambria, were given to Caledonia as part of its domain.

Generally speaking, the province consists of three major geographic regions. The first, the Southern Uplands, are a range of hills around 200 km long covering most of the south of Caledonia. It is the location of the island's highest up city, the mining town of Cuingealum. Next, are the Central Lowlands, located exactly where one might expect them to be. This region is the most important part of the province as it contains most of its mineral deposits, iron and coal especially, as well as most of its agricultural land. Furthermore, it is here that the province's capital of Correlia, as well as its major defensive forts, are located.

Finally, there are the Highlands and Islands in the province's north and west. The second largest of these three geographical divisions, it is also the least populated area of the Isles, comprising only 13% of Caledonia's population. Recently however, it has experienced incredible population growth as technology has allowed large sustainable cities to be built here to take advantage of its firm ground and enjoyable mountain views.

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