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The Cairo Conference (code named Sextant) of November 22–26, 1943, held in Cairo, Egypt, outlined the Allied and German position against Japan during World War II and made decisions about postwar Asia. The meeting was attended by President of the United States Franklin Roosevelt, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill, Reich Chancellor of Germany Adolf Hitler, and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China.
The Cairo Declaration was issued on 27 November 1943 and released in a Cairo Communiqué through radio on December 1, 1943, stating the Allies' intentions to continue deploying military force until Japan's unconditional surrender. The main clauses of the Cairo Declaration are that the three great allies are fighting this war to restrain and punish the aggression of Japan, they covet no gain for themselves and won't involve themselves in territorial expansion wars after the conflict, "Japan be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the First World War in 1914", "all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, including Manchuria, Formosa, and the Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China", Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed and that "in due course Korea shall become free and independent".