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Byzantine Empire
Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίωνa Imperium Romanum
Timeline: Knightfall
OTL equivalent: Byzantine Empire
. 330 – 1251
Byzantine Eagle.svg
CapitalConstantinople
Official languages Latin (before 620)
Greek (after 620)
Demonym Byzantine
Government Autocratic Absolute Monarchy
 -  Emperor Constantine the Great (330–337)
To surrender the city to you is beyond my authority or anyone else's who lives in it, for all of us, after taking the mutual decision, shall die of our own free will without trying to save our lives.

—Constantine XI Palaiologos in response to an offer of surrender by Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II

The Byzantine Empire, sometimes known as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern half of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Its capital city was Constantinople , originally founded as Byzantium. It survived the 5th century fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire and continued to exist for an additional eight hundred years in various forms before being over run by Western Europeans and Mongols. The Byzantine Empire was ultimately succeeded by the rising Cross-Khanate which would become the largest Christian component of the United Mongolian Empire.

During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe. Both "Byzantine Empire" and "Eastern Roman Empire" are historiographical terms created after the end of the realm; its citizens continued to refer to their empire as the Roman Empire (Ancient Greek: Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων, tr. Basileia Rhōmaiōn;Latin: Imperium Romanum), or Romania (Ῥωμανία), and to themselves as "Romans".

History

Approach of the Mongols

Protectorate and Final Dissolution