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Part of the Union of Britannic Nations
The Kingdom of Brythonia is a small British subnation in the British Union in southern Britain. It encompasses much of former southwest England and southern Wales. Founded in the wake of the British Empire's abandonment of the Isles, Brythonia has since grown to be a small yet stable constitutional monarchy.
On Eruption Day, the region was largely untouched, though very small amounts of ash were reported. The aftermath, however, was a different story. Soon, as with the rest of the world, dust and ash blotted out much of the sun, causing crops to fail. This caused mass panic across the nation, already in the grips of the Great Depression.
Aftermath and Abandonment
The next few years were spent evacuating Canada for Australia, as Canada was very hard-hit in the Eruption. Worrying reports were had from the north of Scotland and the Orkney Islands, but they took second-seat to the crisis in North America. Temperatures, however, began to plummet in Scotland, and glaciers began to form. The whole Isles' temperature began to seriously go down, and massive amounts of refugees fled south. Eventually, almost half of Britain was under ice, and the southern half was freezing and filled to the brim with refugees. Soon, a decision was made. The Royal Navy was to evacuate the British.
Over the next year, the Royal Navy evacuated almost all of the British. A compromise was made between Empire officials and loyalists who stayed but wanted to remain part of the Empire. The Dominion of Britain was to be created after the last refugee ship sailed. It would claim all of the British possessions in the Isles, but would be headquartered in Plymouth, as most of the refugees lived there or in surrounding areas, and it would be led over by the Prince of Wales, and the commander of government would be a prime minister. Simply put, it would be mostly autonomous. Finally, in 1940, the last ship sailed for South Africa, and the Dominion was formed. Overall, about 2.2 million people remained, mostly Welshmen and Southerners. One notable person that still resided in England was Oswald Mosley, who fled to Sussex.
Birth of the Dominion and Tensions
Following the establishment of the Dominion, a Prime Minister was appointed from a remaining Parliament. Known as (Insert Name), he was a conservative politician who wanted to retain ties with Brittania at all costs. Quickly, farming was not seen as a major economic action, due to Britain's climatic crisis. Brittania however, had to fuel its great empire somehow, and coal mining in Wales, neglected since the Great Depression slowly began to rise again in prominence. Imperial Coal, a new company, dominated the industry. Winters in Wales were harsh, leaving many to abandon the northern mines during the winter to work in more southerly mines, or at other jobs in places such as Cardiff. Manufacturing was a minor industry during this time, mostly of coal-based products. Thus, coal production was king during the early days. Food was mostly imported from other areas in Brittania and continental Europe, thus disadvantaging the few farmers that remained. Free trade was also practiced with Brittania and other nations to strengthen the coal-based economy and to get inexpensive food, further enraging the farmers.
Eventually, in early 1945, conflict broke out in Kent between farmers and westerners. The winter had been extremely harsh there, and many farmers were barely surviving on what they had. a food shipment from South Africa had been lost in a storm, and the whole nation was starving. The Prime Minister then enacted a temporary law stating that the farmers and food producers/gatherers had to give up a portion of crops to the government for the "greater good." This law was unpopular both amongst the conservatives, but mostly the eastern farmers. A group of Brythonian soldiers had been harassing a family for food, while they stated that they had none. The soldiers then, starving, attacked the farmers and looted their house. The townspeople, hearing the farmers' screams, took up what weapons they had and fought the soldiers. Eventually, the soldiers fled.
Second English Civil War
The powder keg that was southwest England finally exploded into rebellion. Almost all of Kent and Sussex, and eventually the whole region was proclaimed independent as the "true" English state, as many of the residents believed that England is not to remain a "lapdog of a once-noble empire, that has turned away from her homeland." Armed revolts continued, but soon the Westerners sent their army to destroy the fledgling rebellion. Many, fearing destruction, spread out, throughout all of England and Wales. A sizable portion rested in central Wales, harassing coal mines in the summer, and using it in the winter. The military however, crushed what remained. Most of the people however left their old way of life and moved west. The rebels were easily conquered, and the last stronghold, central to northern Wales was attacked. The winter however, set in, and the army moved back to Cardiff to protect the mines. For the next few years, raids in Wales were commonplace, but eventually, they were rooted out by about 1947. Following the war, the East, the agricultural heartland was devastated, and while people would eventually come to inhabit it, it never regained its former glory. Following this, England was renamed Brythonia, meaning "home of the Britons," to set it apart from the New British/Brittanians. Following the war, control of much of the more far-flung areas of England was abandoned, and much of the population retreated to the southwest. There were those who stayed, and control over those regions were relaxed to the point where they were akin to claimed regions, due to the fact that very little administration was present. They did not, however, simply abandon the survivors, and in the spring of the year (year), the London Compact was drafted in Buckingham Palace, stating that the Dominion of England would stand, but there would be many sub-nations that all consist of it. Thus, Brythonia was formed.
Growth and Emergence
Brythonia has a small military of about 15000 people. Weapons are typical British military weapons, and in times of real military strife, troops can be called from the rest of the Empire.
Brythonia is a constitutional monarchy, unlike the parliamentary monarchy that old Britain was. The Queen/King of Brittania wields real power in the nation, and can take control of the government, given the Empire's approval. The Prince of Wales, ceremonially represents Brythonia in foreign affairs, as a traditional tie has been revived within the nation, and the Prince has a Plymouth, which is passed down from prince to prince. However, when not in crisis, Brythonia's real power rests in a parliament, akin to the pre-Eruption one. Most political parties are the same as the pre-Eruption ones, however, many others are new, having emerged in a post-Eruption Britain. The list follows:
- Conservative Party - Traditionally the leading party in Brythonia. Most early politicians were of this party. The Conservative Party favors a small-government, and they favor a moderate-right approach in civil issues. Big business tends to profit from them being in power. Lately, they have fallen from the majority, with the rise of the Liberal and Labour Parties. Almost always friendly towards Brittania.
- Liberal Party - The largest party. They tend to favor a moderate-left approach on economic issues, and a left approach on civil issues. They experienced major growth in the 1980's and 1990's, but they have stagnated recently. Friendly towards Brittania.
- Labour Party - The most liberal of the mainstream parties. They tend to favor a leftist approach on economic issues, and a leftist approach to civil issues. They favor a big-government, and many government programs. Almost always at odds with the Conservatives. Due to a coalition with the Liberals, the party has grown huge in recent years, and are expected to surpass the Liberals soon. Neutral relations with Brittania, as they believe in a strong local government.
- Nationalist Party - An extreme right, borderline Fascist party. They favor a strong government, with a strong leader, and believe in a "Brythonia first, Brittania second" mindset. Due to this, they are almost always at odds with Brittania. Has always been a small party, but has shrunk vastly recently, but is experiencing a resurgence.
- Communist Party - An extreme left party, the "Yin to the Yang of the Nationalists." Similar to the Labour Party, but vastly more extreme, believing in a socialist, borderline communist nation. Has always been the smallest party.
Many authors, such as T.S. Eliot, Agatha Christie, and Virginia Woolf, left Britain. However, J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis stayed behind, and wrote books such as "Mere Christianity," and "The Hobbit." Many references and allegories can be seen to Eruption Day, particularly in Lewis' work.
Following the abandonment, Jazz continued to be very popular in Brythonia, although its popularity soon died off in the 1960's, with the arrival of Rock n' Roll. Heavy Metal is Brythonia's major contribution to the music world, with many Brythonian bands becoming world-famous. Much of the sound of early heavy metal originated in the cities of Bristol and Cardiff.
Brythonia's economy mainly consists of coal mining, manufacturing, and agriculture. In the late 1980's, coal, which has fed the nation for so long, has begun to wane, causing an economic recession. Tourism however, especially of the glacial north has lately been a major component to the economy. Also, in the industrial cities, manufacturing has recently been expanded, with automotives becoming major, with companies such as Richards-Franklin Automotive, and North Sea Fishing have been key to development of the economy.
Traditionally, the economic model has been conservative, with free trade practiced at many times in the young nation's history. Lately however, with the rise of the Labour Party, free trade was discontinued. Many government-sponsored policies were enacted, much to the rage of the Prince, and Conservatives. The Internet, recently has been adopted by a few in Plymouth, and a small but growing tech economy exists.
Recently, a "Brythonian" social idea has emerged. They believe not in a Celtic or English split as their ancestors did. Rather, they believe that a "Briton" ethnicity has emerged. However, "Briton" is not a nationally recognized ethnicity.
- English - 37%
Welsh - 30%
Cornish - 15%
Irish - 9%
Scottish - 5%
French - 3%
Brythonia was, and still is a predominantly Protestant Christian nation. However, neo-Druidism has made a major rise, especially with young "Britons." Atheism/Agnosticism is also on the rise.
Protestant Christian (Any Protestant sect) - 42%
Catholic Christian - 25%
Neo-Druidic/Neo-Pagan - 11%
Atheism/Agnosticism - 8%
Other Christian Denomination - 5%
Other Religion - 4%