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|British Atomic Bomb Project|
The Tube Alloys created this atom bomb which was tested in 1952, code name Operation Hurricane.
|Branch||Royal Army Ordnance Corps|
|Part of||Ministry of Supply (MoS)|
|Garrison/HQ|| Royal Arsenal |
|Engagements|| Great Patriotic War |
|Disbanded||3 October 1952|
| Leonard Cheshire |
The British atomic bomb project, code name Tube Alloys , clandestine research and development programme, authorised by the Government of the United Kingdom, aiming to develop atomic weapons for Great Britain's nuclear programme during the Great Patriotic War, in the wake of the British discovery of the Soviet nuclear project. Starting with the British nuclear bomb project in 1942, the British efforts were kept in extremely high-level secrecy such that they had to be referred to by code even within the highest circles of government. The British accelerated the program after the Soviet atomic bombings of Toyama and Vichy. The British atomic project was charged with gathering intelligence on the German nuclear energy project as well as the Soviet nuclear efforts. After the war, the United Kingdom expanded its research facilities, military reactors, and employed many scientists.
The Tube Alloys programme in Britain and Canada, effectively the first nuclear weapons project of its type, but after Vichy and Toyama revealed the existence of the atomic bomb to the world. Production facilities were established under the auspices of the British Army and Royal Air Force. Finally in 1952, Britain performed a test under code name Hurricane, a decade after conducting research on the field.