The British General of 1990 was held on the 23rd May to elect the 700 representatives to the Legislative Assembly of the British Republic. The elections were the first general election in Britain since the 1931 United Kingdom General Election held almost 60 years earlier. The elections were held alongside the 1990 1990 British Senatorial Elections, the English State Election 1990, the Scottish State Election, 1990, the Welsh State Election, 1990 and the first round of the 1990 British Presidential Elections.

1990 United Kingdom 1995
British Republic General Election, 1990
All 700 seats to the British Legislative Assembly
May 23, 1990 (1990-05-23)
Turnout 78.7%
First party Second party Third party
Leader Paddy Ashdown Ian Anderson Neil Kinnock
Party [[Social Liberal|Template:Social Liberal/meta/shortname]] [[BUF|Template:BUF/meta/shortname]] [[Leftist Alliance|Template:Leftist Alliance/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 16th July 1988 3rd September 1989 5th December 1989
Leader's seat Somerset Barking, Dagenham, Ilford and Romford Blaenau Gwent and Caerphilly
Last election NA NA NA
Seats won 250 230 120
Seat change +250 +230 +120
Popular vote 12,234,436 11,245,524 7,534,353
Percentage 34.9% 32.1% 21.5%
Fourth party Fifth party
Leader John Major David Owen
Party [[Conservative Party|Template:Conservative Party/meta/shortname]] [[Social Democratic Party|Template:Social Democratic Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 15th July 1989 3rd March 1988
Leader's seat Cambridgeshire Plymouth and South Devon
Last election NA NA
Seats won 80 10
Seat change +80 +10
Popular vote 3,374,357 1,512,323
Percentage 9.6% 4.3%

Prime Minister-elect
Paddy Ashdown
[[Social Liberal|Template:Social Liberal/meta/shortname]]


After the 1990 British Constituent Assembly Election resulted in a victory for the Pro-democracy parties and the subsequent Constituent Assembly decided that the form of government would be a parliamentary republic. The Constituent Assembly also announced the date of the first elections to be on the 23rd May before dissolving itself on the 19th April.


The pro-democracy parties decided not to contest the elections as a single entity as they did the British Constituent Assembly Election but were willing to form a coalition government in the event of a hung parliament.

The largest of the pro-democracy parties was the Social Liberal Party, a liberal party, which largely campaigned on a pro-democracy stance with emphasis on establishing a more efficient welfare system and British membership in the European Economic Community. The Leftist Alliance was an alliance of Britain's various left wing parties which advocated the establishment of a strong welfare state with a heavily nationalist economy. Whilst the Conservative Party campaigned on a policy of low taxes and the restoration of the monarchy. The smallest of the major pro-democracy parties was the centre-left Social Democratic Party, commonly abbreviated to SDP, argued in favour of increased social welfare and greater civil liberties.

The British Union of Fascists (BUF) campaigned for the re-establishment of the The British Union and greater military spending, but in the event that they were unable to re-establish the Union they argued the President should be given greater powers included the power to overrule Parliament and suspend the Constitution, powers which many argued would establish the President as a dictator.


The results represented a major defeat for the BUF who were unable to achieve a majority and were shut out of government. The election led to the establishment of a coalition between the Social Liberals and the Leftist Alliance giving the government a majority of 19 seats and forcing the BUF into opposition.