Indian Empire
Timeline: Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum
Preceded by 1858-1947 Succeeded by
Flag of the British East India Company (1801) British East India Company Flag of India Dominion of India
Flag of Pakistan Dominion of Pakistan
Flag of Berar (Caesar of Rome) Kingdom of Hyderabad
British Raj Flag Star-of-India-gold-centre
Flag Star of India
Anthem "God Save the King/Queen"
(and largest city)
Calcutta (1858–1912)
New Delhi (1912–47)
Language English, Hindustani and many local languages
Religion Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism
Government Constitutional monarchy
  legislature Emperor of India (1858-1947)
Viceroy and Governor-General of India (1858-1947)
Currency British Indian rupee
British India was the region in the Indian subcontinent that under British control between 1757 and 1947, included areas directly administered by the United Kingdom, as well as the princely states ruled by individual rulers under the paramountcy of the British Crown. However, there were few princely states that recognized by the British Empire as independent states such as Nepal and Bhutan. The British India extended over almost all present-day India and Pakistan. In addition, at various times, it included Aden (1858-1937), British Somaliland (1884-1898), and Singapore (1858-1867). Lower and Upper Burma was also governed as the part of the British India until separated as a separate British colony in 1937.