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Background and Prelude
The move toward national socialism was fueled primarily by the national socialist successes in the Confederacy and Germany. Germany stabilized its economy, rebuilt its military, openly defied the British, and even extended its territory. Rather than being angry at Germany, the national socialists were outraged at the total weakness of the current British government and decided it was time for a change. In the Confederacy, national socialists rose to power and continuously put pressure on the United States and humiliated them, which these Brits found admirable.
Footage of speeches by national socialist leaders in other nations helped persuade the British people to embrace the ideology as well. However, economic strains put on the United Kingdom by German victories across Europe in the early 1930s led to the creation of the Union of British National Socialists, led by Oswald Mosley, who aimed to gain control of the British government. He eventually gained a seat in parliament and brought greater support to the cause, leading to more victories for the party and increased concern among the British leadership. In fact, at one point he even berated the other members of parliament in a 20 minute speech calling them "cowards and weaklings."
What really accelerated party growth, however, was the extreme nationalistic fervor that infiltrated British society after the Great War. The British people felt invincible and wanted to show off their strength to the rest of the world, and the national socialists were able to turn this into a thirst for war and revolution.
The Union of British National Socialists soon began to use advertizing and propaganda to further their cause. They distributed pamphlets, gave speeches, hosted events, and protested in public areas. Many people fell victim to this propaganda, seeing no overt flaws in the system, while others were very wary of what was happening and reported national socialists to the authorities. In the August Raid of 1939, almost all of the national socialist leaders and organizers were arrested at a rally in London, although Mosley was able to escape and fled to Dover, where he and his remaining followers used the incident to drum up support and show how the current British regime was threatened by them and becoming unfair as a result. This persuaded many into his camp very quickly, and soon (according to a national poll) 17% of British people were national socialists.
When Germany and Russia invaded Poland in 1939, the British declared war on Germany and began to prepare for a lengthy war. Much of the British population was very angry at this since the German military was much stronger than the British, and they protested in large numbers in London (most of these protests were set up by national socialists). At one of these events on October 5, the British police raided one of these events and arrested many people, and were met with violent resistance.
War Takes Hold
As violent protests erupted across England, the British and allied war effort remained largely stagnant, which was not exactly a best case scenario for British loyalists and leaders. However, they considered the situation to be under control until one key event: the Fall of France. On 10 May 1940, the Germans invaded France and launched a massive assault. The British in general were somewhat in support of the war at the time, but that changed on 25 June when France was decisively defeated and severed into Vichy France, a puppet state in the south, and Occupied France, an occupied warzone in the north. This was a crushing defeat to the British, and public opinion on the war changed overnight.
The British no longer trusted the government to protect them and feared that their fate would be the same if they did not change their tactics or update their military, although the national socialists felt the solution was to join the Germans to ensure victory. On 2 July 1940, Mosley met with German leader Adolf Hitler, and Hitler agreed to secretly aid the revolutionaries in the United Kingdom until a German invasion was possible. Soon the government could not control the uprisings and a full armed revolution broke out, sending the nation into complete and utter chaos.
As mayors and governors were overthrown across England, Scotland and Ireland remained relatively calm. The British police forces were unable to stop the rebellions in major cities, and the rebels began "occupying" many cities. Eventually, since the Germans were on the doorstep of the British homeland, the military stepped in and attempted to retake rebel administered areas by force, but in many cases were met with heavy resistance as Confederate and German weapons flowed in to rebel territories. London, however, escaped the grasp of the rebels for quite some time. Eventually, though, German bombing campaigns forced the government to flee the city in early October 1940. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and George VI were intercepted by rebels in Oxford, however, and imprisoned, followed by a rebel seiure of power in London and inaugruation of Mosley as "First Minister" of Great Britain and his coronation King of the British.
This did not end the war, however, as chaos ensued and royalists and the military continued the fight against the new regime, but the Germans and Confederates could now enter the conflict in full force, dragging it out much longer and forcing the disorganized British military to take on multiple organized military powers rather than a group of angry rebels.