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Brazil (The Purple Mantle)

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Republic of United States of Brazil
República dos Estados Unidos do Brasil
Timeline: The Purple Mantle

OTL equivalent: Brazil (República Velha) plus several american territories
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960) Coat of arms of the United States of Brazil
Republic of Brazil (The Purple Mantle)

Motto
Ordem e Progresso (Portuguese)
("Order and Progress")

Anthem "Hino Nacional Brasileiro"
Capital Rio de Janeiro
Largest city Rio de Janeiro
Other cities São Paulo, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Porto Alegre
Language Portuguese
Religion
  main
 
Roman Catholicism
  others Protestantism, Orixas
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
47.73% White
  others 43.13% Pardo

7.61% Black

Demonym Brasileiro
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
  legislature National Congress
President Deodoro Calheiros
Area 10,815,767 km2 
Population 211,032,714 
Established 1889
Currency Real
Time Zone UTC -2 hours
  summer UTC -4
Internet TLD .br


The Brazilian Nation once a colony, then an Empire has evolved through time to become one of the most powerful nations on the Southern Hemisphere.


History

XV Century:

1427: The Kingdom of Portugal begins its African Expansion.

1453: The Ottoman Advance finished the Eastern Roman Empire, but the city remains undefiled and so does the Ancient Tradition in it.

  • European-Asian Trading Continues, so the Portuguese Empire has it's commercial routes weakened against the Byzantines.

1498: The Treaty of Tordesillas is signed betwen Portugal and Spain to divide the discovered continent between them.

XVI Century:

1501: Brazil was claimed by Portugal on the arrival of the Portuguese fleet commanded by Pedro Álvares Cabral; The Portuguese encountered stone-using natives divided into several tribes, many of whom shared the same Tupi–Guarani language family, and fought among themselves.

1520: due to the high profits gained through commerce with India, China, and Indonesia has deminished from the Byzantine presence, Portugal had devised a system to effectively occupy Brazil, without paying the costs: the Hereditary Captaincies system, Brazil was divided into strips of land that were donated to Portuguese noblemen, who were in turn responsible for the occupation of the land and answered to the king.

1555: French Ocupation of the Rio de Janeiro area by Huguenots (France Antarctique), eventually exiled.

XVII Century: The sugarcane culture, grown in plantation's property called engenhos ("factories") along the northeast coast (Brazil's Nordeste) became the base of Brazilian economy and society, with the use of black slaves on large plantations to make sugar production for export to Europe. Initially, the settlers tried to enslave the Natives as labor to work the fields. (capture of natives and colonization was largely due to para-military adventurers named bandeirantes). However the Natives were found to be unsuitable as slaves, and so the Portuguese land owners turned to Africa, whence they imported millions of slaves.

1612: France Équinoxiale, or French Occupation Maranhão, until 1617

1620: Definitive ocupation of the Northern area of the Maranhão region (OTL: French Guyana).

1630: Dutch Ocuppation of the Brazil Territory, capital: Mauritsstad (Otl:Recife), main base for the The Dutch West India Company.

1638: The Tawantinsuyu expands it's territories into the North and East, eventually clashing with the Kingdom of Portugal, causing the first figths which will create a tense atmosphere around these two territories.

1654: End of the Dutch Occupation.

XVIII Century:

XIX Century:

1808: The Portuguese Court flees Lusitania due to the Napoleonic Invasion and settles in Brazil.

1815: The United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves was created by the Lusitaine court in Brazil.

1821: After the return of the Lusitane court to Portugal, Prince Don Pedro remains as regent in Brazil.

1822: Don Pedro declares the Independence from the Portugal Crown and creates the "Empire of Brazil" naming himself Emperor Pedro I.

1864: The Brazilian Empire launches and attack over the ancient Guaranitic territories of Paraguái, near the Silberach borders igniting a full scale war between both nations.

1865: The Tawantinsuyu seizes the opportunity and launches an annexation campaign on both the Brazilians and Silberachians territories. This is known as the Guerra do Paraguai or South American Triple War.

1870: The Silberachians managed to force back the Brazilian and the Inkas reassuring the Paraguaí and the Northern territories, an armistice is sign with the Tawantinsuyu.

  • The Brazilian Empire looses several territories to the Inka empire.

1889: A series of royal decisions makes the powerful landlords to align themselves against the Royal Family, which evolves into a military Rebellion which causes the Emperor Pedro II (weak and without military support) to resign and dissolve the Empire to prevent further escalation. The result is the Creation of a Federal State based on the French and North American Model which recognizes the Local Oligarchies position.

Geography

Politics

Political divisions

Brazil Provinces

Economy

Flora and Fauna

Demographics

Culture

 

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