The Empire of Brazil is one of the world's largest and most powerful states. Having split from Portugal in 1825, it survived an attempted coup in 1889 when succession passed from Pedro II to his grandson Pedro III, bypassing his daughter Isabella in order to placate noblemen and the establishment. Brazil is the world's longest serving democracy, having had free elections continuously since its independence and having established true universal suffrage for all citizens in 1892. The early Twentieth Century saw Brazil establish itself as the South's undisputed master. A series of wars with Argentina in the 1900's prevented the Empire from lending its considerable Navy and Army to assist its allies in Europe an North America during WWI, although Brazilian battleships did assist the USA during its short-lived conflict with Mexico. WWII, however, saw Brazil recognised as a global power; imperial troops and equipment could be seen as far away as Siberia and North Africa and a number of Brazilian scientists were involved in the Atomic bomb project.
The Cold War saw Brazil alone as a democratic state in South America as its neighbors fell one by one to Francoist coups. A series of wars saw the Empire's territory occupied several times but one by one the attackers were turned back either by force of arms or, in the case of Paraguay, the use of a nuclear weapon against there military. Eventually, all but Argentina were ran by Brazilian-supported leaders. The conflict with Argentina was once again brought up during the Anglo-Dutch Civil War, where the two fought a small war that ended with both countries economically and territorially the same as the start. In the 21st century, Brazil remains the South's Superpower, one of the world's ten recognized nuclear powers and holds a seat on the League of Nations High Council.