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| The following Carpe Diem article is obsolete.
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Brazil, officially the Empire of Brazil (Portuguese: Império do Brasil) is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region. It is bordered by Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay to the south, Peru and Bolivia to the east, and Colombia, and Suriname, French Guiana and the West Indies Province of Guyana to the north. It is also the only nation in the Americas (and the largest nation in the world) whose official language is Portuguese.
Pedro II's sixty-year reign was positively marked by internal stability, economic, political, and societal growth (with the abolition of slavery in 1888) and the rise of Brazil as a regional power. Following his death in 1891, his daughter, Isabel (b. 1846) succeeded him and became the first and only Empress of Brazil. Isabel is most credited for continuing to modernize the Brazilian economy and military and for leading Brazil through World War I. Isabel's death in 1921 lead to the rise of her son, Pedro de Alcântara as Pedro III. Pedro III's rule is marked by the Roaring Twenties and the beginning of the Great Depression. However, due to Pedro III's economic reforms, Brazil was remained relatively calm during the depression.
Pedro III's sudden death in 1940 marked the rise of his son, Pedro Gastão as Pedro IV. Within a year of his reign, Pedro IV would lead Brazil into World War II. Pedro IV is best known for his stance during the Cold War with joining the Non-Aligned Movement, though Brazil did test their first nuclear bomb in 1952.