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Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil), officially the Federation of Brazil, is the largest country and the only Portuguese-speaking country in South America. With a population of over 40 million and increasing rapidly, as well as one of the world's most rapidly increasing militaries and most dynamic economies, Brazil is one of the World's Rising powers and maintains a large scale developing influence over South America, and a wide array of Trade friends and business associates which have allowed for Brazil's development as a major world power.
The tenente rebellion did not mark the revolutionary breakthrough of Brazil's bourgeois social reformers. But the ruling paulista coffee oligarchy could not withstand the near-breakdown of world capitalism in 1929. Brazil's vulnerability to the Great Depression had its roots in the economy's heavy dependence on foreign markets and loans. Despite limited industrial development in São Paulo, the export of coffee and other primary products was still the mainstay of the economy. Days after the U.S. stock market crash on October 29, 1929, coffee quotations immediately fell 30% to 60%. The subsequent decline was even sharper. Between 1929 and 1931, coffee prices fell from 22.5 cents per pound to 8 cents per pound. As world trade contracted, the coffee exporters suffered a vast drop in foreign exchange earnings. The Great Depression possibly had a more dramatic effect on Brazil than on the United States.
With the power of Vargas solidified, the industrial Development of Brazil took a drastic turn that alienated many of the upper echelons of Brazilian society. However with communists and nationalists openly fighting in the streets the new constitution authored by Brazilian legislators brought about a relative halt to much backlash that Vargas might have suffered. He managed to bring about a much more stable transition into a constitutional government while also holding onto power as the president. His various purchases, debt spending, and his major projects helped employ tens of thousands of unemployed Brazilians as well as begin the long overdue settlement of the Brazilian amazons.
However in 1933-1937, Vargas managed to push his way through to acquire foreign investment in the expansion of Brazil's industry, internal development, and a fully expansive program to continue the development as well as expand internal resource extraction. Alongside this, powerful internal development incentives, the use of deficit spending the rebuild Brazil's Job base, and the militarization of Brazil led to massive job increases, industrial expansion on par with Germany's rapid industrialization in its beginnings, and a resource development which allowed for much of Brazil's previously import economy to do a complete turn around and replace certain major goods on the market. Brazil major re-rise to power did, however, begin its turn back to a more powerful form of Democracy rather than Vargas' blatant Fascism. Vargas, while very unhappy with this, has allowed more Democratic policies to push through into Brazil's government
History and Recent Changes
On November 15, 1889 Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca deposed Emperor Dom Pedro II, declared Brazil a republic, and reorganized the government. In reality, the elections were rigged, voters in rural areas were pressured or induce to vote for the chosen candidates of their bosses (see coronelismo) and, if all those methods did not work, the election results could still be changed by one sided decisions of Congress's verification of powers commission (election authorities in the República Velha were not independent from the executive and the Legislature, dominated by the ruling oligarchs). This system resulted in the presidency of Brazil alternating between the oligarchies of the dominant states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. This regime is often referred to as "café com leite", 'coffee with milk', after the respective agricultural products of the two states. This period ended with a military coup that placed Getúlio Vargas, a civilian, in the presidency.
The politics of Brazil take place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. The political and administrative organization of Brazil comprises the federal government, the states, the federal district and the municipalities. The federal government exercises control over the central government and is divided into three independent branches: executive, legislative and judicial. Executive power is exercised by the President, advised by a cabinet. Legislative power is vested upon the National Congress, a two-chamber legislature comprising the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Judicial power is exercised by the judiciary, consisting of the Supreme Federal Court, the Superior Court of Justice and other Superior Courts, the National Justice Council and the Regional Federal Courts. The states are autonomous sub-national entities with their own constitutions and governments that, together with the other federal units, form the Federation of Brazil. Currently, Brazil is divided politically and administratively into 27 federal units, being 26 states and one federal district. The executive power is exercised by a governor elected to a four-year term. The judiciary is exercised by courts of first and second instance addressing the common justice. Each State has a unicameral legislature with deputies who vote state laws. The Constitution of Brazil knows also two elements of direct democracy. Along side this Brazil has various political parties for the elections. The Two most prominent parties being the Federalist Party, which advocates more centralization and unification with its allies, and the other party being the Conservative party which advocates a slower process of gradual economical unification, military co-operation, and standardization. These two parties, however, as written in by amendments to the Brazilian constitution, are required to be bi-partisan in an attempt to prevent stall outs in Congress and other areas of government. These two prominent parties are currently both majorly in power with an equal rate of voting coming in for each side. This leads to much more co-operation in the government as failure to get certain things done means no candidate from either side can be up for re-election.
When the Portuguese explorers arrived in the 15th century, the native tribes of current-day Brazil, totaling about 2.5 million people, had lived virtually unchanged since the Stone Age. From Portugal's colonization of Brazil (1500-1822) until the late 1930s, the market elements of the Brazilian economy relied on the production of primary products for exports. Within the Portuguese Empire, Brazil was a colony subjected to an imperial mercantile policy, which had three main large-scale economic production cycles - sugar, gold and, from the early 19th century on, coffee. The economy of Brazil was heavily dependent on African enslaved labour until the late 19th century (about three million imported African enslaved individuals in total). In that period Brazil was also the colony with the largest amount of European settlers.
The Great Depression hit Brazil particularly hard essentially robbing the nation of its major export industries in coffee and other cash crops. However Getulio Vargas taking power in 1933 managed to develop a audacious plan to handle the issues. With a large amount of Debt spending and foreign purchases (mostly against Brazils self development, and isolationist policies) led to the development of a true industry in Brazil. This along with multiple programs to put people to work particularly the Amazons development projects. These projects and further industrialization in the far north and south led to a surpassing of Italy industrially with a gaining on Japan as well. by the end of the 1930's Brazil had developed multiple profitable and well received industries which helped develop the country in an extremely well off fashion
The Brazilian army is a force consisting of 350,000 soldiers and is a developing but well trained fighting machine. with a major tank force, supporting air forces, an airborne component, and a fast attack Doctrine the Brazilian army is a force worth watching out for.
IM-95 Semi Automatic Rifle M-15 Bolt Action Rifle (comes in Sniper variants)
.500 SW magnum Revolver
(to come later)
- Minas Gerais
- Sao Paulo
- Rio De Janeiro
- Rio Grande do Sul
- Dome Pedro II
- San Salvaçao
- Rui Barbosa
The Air force consists of nearly 1400 air craft, a rather large force for a nation developing itself currently. Regardless of this it maintains a modern air fleet with thanks to personal development and German technology.
B-35 (long range heavy bomber)