Brazilian Empire
Império do Brasil
Timeline: 1879: Agreement

OTL equivalent: Brazil
Flag of the Second Empire of Brazil CoA Empire of Brazil (1847-1889)
Flag Coat of Arms
Location of Brazil
Capital Rio de Janeiro
Largest city São Paulo
Other cities Salvador, Belém, Porto Alegre, Belo Horizonte
Language Portuguese
Roman Catholicism
  others Protestantism
Demonym Brazilian
Government Constitutional monarchy
Emperor João II
  Royal house: Braganza-Bourbon
Prime-Minister Plínio Sampaio
Area 8,017,849 km²
Population 65,000,000 
Established 1822
Independence from Portugal
  declared 1822
  recognized 1826
Currency Real
Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil), officially the Brazilian Empire (Portuguese: Império do Brasil), is the largest country in South America. It is the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas, the only monarchy in South America and the largest Lusophone country in the world

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of over 7500 km. It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname; on the northwest by Colombia; on the west by the Peru-Bolivian Confederation; on the southwest by Argentina and Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and Martim Vaz. It has borders with all other South American countries apart from Ecuador and Chile.

Brazil was a colony of Portugal from the landing of Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500 until 1815, when it was elevated to United Kingdom with Portugal and Algarves. The colonial bond was in fact broken in 1808, when the capital of the Portuguese Kingdom was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, after Napoleon invaded Portugal. The independence from Portugal was achieved in 1822.

The Brazilian economy is the world's eighth largest economy by nominal GDP and the seventh largest by purchasing power parity. Brazil is one of the world's fastest growing major economies. Economic reforms have given the country new international recognition. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, CPLP, Latin Union, the Organization of Ibero-American States, Mercosul and the Union of South American Nations. Brazil is also home to a diversity of wildlife, natural environments, and extensive natural resources in a variety of protected habitats.

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