The Boueki language (貿易語, Boueki-go), also known as "Boh'eki" or "Boeki" is a synthetic Chinese language (or dialect) that was created by Chinese and Japanese traders to facilitate doing business. Boueki is written in almost the same way as Chinese, but its characters are pronounced in the Sino-Japanese (Kango) fashion, and do not usually have specific tones.

Boueki is different than a pidgin because it does not corrupt words into new forms, but instead retains the exact same words and sentence structure of the Chinese written language, while merely pronouncing them in a Japanese way. This is also not merely Japanese-accented Chinese, as "kango" pronunciations been part of Japanese for hundreds of years and most words sound significantly different than their Chinese origins.

Boueki is almost completely comprehensible in written form to Chinese, but there are some Japanese words and phrases and alternative meanings for some Chinese characters that are not present in the original Chinese. Boueki, like Chinese, can be written using traditional or simplified characters, but in Japan, the Japanese versions are often used. Recently, simplified Chinese writing has been gaining a foothold.

Geographic Distribution

Boueki enjoyed its height of popularity in the late 19th century and early 20th century. These days, Boueki is not used very much for international trade. Instead, people choose to learn the other language outright, and there are translators available to those who aren't multilingual. Below is a list of places where Boueki is spoken natively by a substantial group of people.

China - Hoinaam (Hainan) Island and some coastal areas from Jonggwo to Gwong

Japan - Nagasaki Prefecture and Yokohama City

Korea - Tamna (Jeju) Island

Luchu - Uchina City

Taiwan - Taibei City and west coast areas

Example Words and Sentences

Comparison Chart
Written Boueki Spoken Boueki Spoken Mandarin Spoken Japanese  English Meaning
横浜 Kouhin Héngbīn Yokohama Yokohama
北京 Hokkyou/Hokkei Běijīng Pekin Beijing
上海 Joukai Shànghǎi Shanhai Shanghai
家族 kazoku/kasou jiāzú kazoku family
知道 chidou zhīdao shiru/wakaru know
飞机/飛機 hiki fēijī hikouki airplane
bou/mou máng isogashii busy
工作 kousaku gōngzuò hataraku work
朋友 houyuu péngyou tomodachi friend
晚饭/晚飯 banhan wǎnfàn yuushoku dinner

Boueki-Mandarin Comparison 1

你会说貿易語吗? (Written Boueki)
Ni kai setsu Bouekigo ma? (Spoken Boueki)
Nǐ huì shuō Màoyìyǔ ma? (Spoken Mandarin)
Can you speak (the) Boueki (language)? (English Meaning)

Boueki-Mandarin Comparison 2

你多大了?(Written Boueki)
Ni tadai ryou? (Spoken Boueki)
Nǐ duōdà le? (Spoken Mandarin)
How old are you? (English Meaning)

Boueki-Mandarin Comparison 3

山口先生是我的好朋友。(Written Boueki)
Sankou sensei shi/ze gateki kou houyuu. (Spoken Boueki)
Shānkǒu xiānsheng shì wǒde hǎo péngyou. (Spoken Mandarin)
Mr. Yamaguchi is my good friend. (English Meaning)

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