Boris Pugo (1991 Coup)
Pugo was born in Kalinin, Russian SFSR (now Tver, Russia) into a family of Latvian Communists who had left Latvia after Latvia was proclaimed as an independent country in 1918. His family returned to Latvia after the Soviet Union occupied and annexed it in 1940.
Pugo was the first secretary of the Communist Party of the Latvian SSR from April 14, 1984 to October 4, 1988.
Between 1990 and 1991, he was the Minister of the Interior Affairs of the USSR. During the 1991 coup Boris Pugo joined the Gang of Eight and soon rose to one of its most prominent members after Yanayev's ascension to President On October 1st of 1991 Pugo became his vice president as he was Yanayev's most trusted member of the gang of eight. However the two soon clashed on Yanayev's indifferent attitude to non Russian revolutionaries. Many believe that Pugo was responsible for Yanayev's death under mysterious circumstance.
Life as President
On November 2, 1991 alone days after taking the office of president Pugo traveled to Chechnya's capital of Grozny to speak to the nation's increasingly separatist population. Despite repeated advice from his advisors to try to placate the rebellious population, Pugo made what is today known as Grozny Declaration. The Grozny Declaration which is widely considered a hate-filled speech in which he stated outright that any rebels and anti-Soviet Russians would be dealt with using necessary force. Before Pugo finished his speech Chechen militants opened fire, critically wounding him before he was dragged off stage by bodyguards. The ensuing battle between Chechen rebels and Russian military, the first battle of Grozny were the first shots of the Second Russian Civil war.
Second Russian Civil War
During the first days of the war Pugo was in Critical condition in a hospital bed and oblivious to the chaos that was engulfing Russia. When he awoke from his coma he assumed complete control of the Russian armed forces. The Russian military had to deal with war on a number of fronts, including a democratic movement within their own borders spearheaded by Gorbachev. Throughout the duration of the war Boris Pugo pushed for harsh measures against rebels and political dissenters going so far as to personally execute prisoners on live T.V. Eventually Pugo's inability to allow any ground to be lost stretched the Soviet military to the breaking point and lead to attempted Revolution by two members of the original gang of eight, Vladimir Kryuchkov and Marshal Yazov. These two and the defecting military officers who joined them set up their command post in Volgograd. In response, and to the shock of the entire world, Pugo destroyed Volgograd with a nuclear detonation. The destruction of Volgograd cost the lives of nearly 900,000 people and effectively ended the Separatist Movement. Vladimir Kryuchkov however survived the bombs and later fled to Siberia were he would gain prominence later on. The Democratic movement in Russian dissipated soon after, partially due to the apparent untrustworthiness of Gorbachev and his officials. Gorbachev would later flee to the United States to seek asylum. Well in the short term the bombing of Volograd helped maintain his power Pugo lost a great deal of support with both the government and the common people. Also many of the territories he had ordered to be controlled soon became independent nations due to infighting within Russia itself. And large tracts of Russia lay in ruins which Pugo had to rebuild, a task he proved incapable of doing.
The Road to The Scorch
In the months after the war Pugo's government was faced with the daunting task of repairing their nation's infrastructure. The destruction of transportation and communication lines made mobility to the large expanse of Russia difficult especially concerning food transfers which caused famine to break out in Russia. One of the most detrimental factors in this effort was the increasingly worsening relations between the Soviet Union and the United States. The U.S had aided Gorbachev and his government during the civil war and also evacuated him when the democratic cause of Russia became truly lost. Pugo demanded that Gorbachev be extradited to Russia and put on trial for "war crimes". President Bush refused his demands and the relations with the U.S all but ceased.
The Assassination attempt.
On March, 14, 1994 well on a publicity visit to St Petersburg Boris Pugo was shot at by an unknown assailant. The man was captured and after several days of interrogation the Russian government made an announcement that the attempted assassination was performed by a CIA agent. Even today it is unknown if this were true or not. Despite the U.S's repeated denials of this accusation, Boris Pugo made an announcement that The Americans had made an attack at the heart of Russia and that he would respond with deadly force. That afternoon the first bombs fell.
Through a varied means of communication Boris Pugo ordered the nuclear missiles and other weapons to be targeted at America. Along with America other targets included the former Soviet Republics, NATO members, a several other nation types. What Boris Pugo overlooked was the American response to the attacks along with those of their allies, and the defense missiles of Russian were mostly inactive and the nuclear explosions occurred across a number of Russian cities. Pugo, however, had been removed an unknown location and was unaffected by the attacks. Within hours what had been a singular attack on America turned into a full World War,
After the Scorch ended Pugo returned to Moscow to attempt to reassemble the government, only to find it destroyed along with much of the government. Pugo was attacked by refugees on Moscow's outskirts who rightfully blamed him for what had happened. He was saved by the remaining members of his bodyguard who evacuated him to his support base in Dudinka.
The Exile Years (1995-2002)
For the next seven years Boris Pugo was forced to remain in the town of Dudinka which he ruled autocratically. However, he had a great desire to return and regain control over all of Russia, which he attempted in the summer of 2002.
The Weeks Return
On June 18, 2002 Boris Pugo returned to Moscow with the intention of restoring himself the leader of the Soviet Union. However, upon his return he was attacked and chased by vengeful Russian militants, who eventually captured and imprisoned him on June 25. Death: Boris Pugo was hung on June 27, 2002 and buried in a still unknown location. He is regarded to this day as the man who led to the destruction of life as we knew it.