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After the defeat at Gettysburg and the overrunning of Washington, nations all across the world began recognizing the Confederacy. This of course brought a series of Declarations of war by America on the countries that recognized the South(the Netherlands, Spain, Austria, Mexico, and Prussia). The countries forced into war with the U.S. felt that now the only option was subduing America. The Confederacy formed an alliance with Mexico with the terms that the territories of California, Arizona, and Nevada would be returned.
Britain considered joining with the coalition, but it refused, as its citizens would disapprove greatly and in doing so, might even cause a civil war of their own. The European allies landed on American beaches and assisted in the drive north, and soon, despite America's best efforts, forced mediation occurred when Lincoln and the rest of the government were captured and the South officially recognized by the world.
The war-torn, starving, and beleaguered Union signed the Treaty of Paris officially in October, ending the war. A new nation was born.
A Divided America
In fulfillment of their promise, the Confederacy gave California, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah to the Confederacy, and annexed a region running from the bottom of the Oregon territory to Confederate Indian territory. The reason for this was to have more industry in their nation and to have a pacific port, so as not to use the heavily taxed American railroads.
At first, only resentment existed, but over time, Americans in the North felt betrayed, and so considered the possibility of a second war with the Confederacy.
The Second Mexican War
In 1876 new American president Joseph Harris, a Republican and Union soldier was elected. He lost his brother and father in the Civil War and hated the Confederacy, effectively guaranteeing war. This war broke out just a year into his term, in 1877. On April 17th, congress declared war on the Confederacy, Holland, Germany(it was united in 1871 by Prussia) and Mexico. The Confederacy led the fight against the U.S.
The first shots were fired in Tennessee, where Union soldiers fired on a Confederate platoon and a small battle occurred. The Confederates were defeated and soon, almost 600,000 American soldiers began marching into the south.
The Americans fought heroically, and the Confederates lost battle after battle as they were pushed south. The battle of Richmond ended the American Advance in the east. At the same time, American troops in the west seized the sole Confederate port of Crescent City and advanced into California.
At the same time, Confederate-allied troops from Europe landed in Georgia and assisted the Confederates. Within weeks they turned the war around and the Americans were pushed back. By September, America was defeated yet again, and this time, the Confederacy attempted to pacify the Americans, to prevent another war. Americans refused, and anti-Confederate, and anti-German sentiment filled the atmosphere of the North.
Realizing it needs powerful allies to counter the Confederate- German alliance, America turned to Britain and France, and the three formed the triple alliance.
World War I
By 1914, two alliances dominated the world: The Allied Powers or Quadruple Entente(America, Russia, Britain, France) and the Central Powers(Germany, the C.S.A, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire). For the most parts, tensions remained low, though an arms race began when Germany and the C.S. attempting to match the U.S and Britain on the seas. This was accelerated with the launching of the HMS Dreadnought in 1905, America was the first to create her own, the USS Illinois in 1908.
At the same time, the Confederacy launched their own, the Davis. Germany completed her own in 1909, the Kaiser. By 1914, however, the world itself was close to the breaking point. In April, 1914, President Roosevelt demanded the return of California and Arizona to the US, the Mexicans refused. This brought a declaration of war on Mexico by the U.S.
President Woodrow Wilson of the Confederacy attempted to mediate, but as the US mobilized for invasion, the CSA saw no chance for peace, and a declaration of war on the US followed. Seeing a chance to become the superpower of the world, Germany issued a declaration of war on the United States. At the same time, Russia, America's ally ordered a mobilization.
Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia for this and invaded Serbia. At the same time, Germany declared war on France and invaded Belgium. Britain, having already declared a naval blockade and war on the CSA, declared war on Germany.
By May, the armies of the Great Powers were marching off to war. The British monarchy and government ordered the British and Canadian troops in Canada to join with the Americans, and the first British troops landed in France in May.
The first battle of the war was fought when a U.S. army under John J. Pershing met an army of the Confederacy, both consisted of nearly 100,000, near the Mississippi river, heavy fighting occurred and the Confederates were defeated, but fortunately for them, another army of southerners charged in to reinforce them. The bloody battle that followed left 56,000 U.S soldiers dead and 40,000 confederates.
By October, the month many expected victory, France and North America became battlegrounds where massive armies fought each other.