Bohemia (German: Böhmen), officially the Republic of German Bohemia (German: Republik Deutschböhmen) is a central European country. Until 1951, it was part of Austria, when it seceded from both Austria and Czechoslovakia as part of an agreement forged between the two countries at the Znaim Conference that established the secession of Czechoslovakia formally and set the borders of the two nations. Bohemia has a population of 2.25 million and is regarded as a middle-income country. It has a parliamentary republic style of government seated in its capital and largest city, Reichenberg.
Bohemia, traditionally divided between stretches of rural farmland and heavily industrialized cities, experienced severe economic hardships in the deindustrialization of the late 1970s and 1980s. Today, it maintains a moderate industrial base and has switched to a service economy, though still has one of the highest unemployment levels in the EEC and the highest in the German Language Bloc.