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|President of Australia|
January 26, 1940 - January 26, 1945
|Prime Minister of Australia|
September 12, 1914 - April 25, 1923
|Preceded by:||Joseph Cook|
|Succeeded by:||Stanley Bruce|
|Treasurer of Australia|
April 8, 1913 - June 10, 1914
|Preceded by:||Andrew Fisher|
|Succeeded by:||John Forrest|
September 25 1862, London, United Kingdom
|Died||October 20 1952, Sydney, New South Wales|
Billy Hughes was an Australian Politician who served as Prime Minister of Australia (1914 - 1922) and later as President of Australia (1940 - 1945).
He is widely regarded as one of australia's greatest politicians, leading australia during both world wars as Prime Minister and President respectivly. He won three successive general elections 1917, 1919 and 1922.
At the 1922 election the Nationalist majority was cut to a slim majority, with the Labor party gaining more votes. The result, added to the fact that many more conservative Nationalists felt Hughes was too Left Wing, fuelled the prospect of a possible leadership challenge. Hughes was compelled to resign, and treasurer Stanley Bruce elected as his successor.
Hughes retired to the back benches, and became one of Bruce's toughest critics. There was a movement to get Hughes to form a new party, but Hughes lacked the financial backing and national organisation to do so. Hughes bucked the national trend at the 1930 election, weathering a Labor landslide and actually increasing his majority.
He ran to suceed Bruce as the Nationalist leader following his resignation, but lost to John Latham. He served in the Menzies government as Minister of the Navy. In 1939 Hughes was chosen as the Nationalist candidate for the Federal Presidency. He served as President through most of the Second World War, becoming a national figurehead and in many ways much more popular than Prime Minister Robert Menzies.
Early Political Career
Prime Minister: 1914 - 1923
Backbenches: 1923 - 1939
President: 1940 - 1945
In 1945 his term ended, but in 1947 he became the first President to return to parliament after the end of his term. He remaind in Parliament until his death in 1952.