Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists heading for Virginia. Self-governing since 1620, Bermuda is the oldest and most populous of the British overseas territories. Vacationing to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times.
World War III
Bermuda was the headquarters of the British military's offensives in the Caribbean while working alongside regional powers such as the United States, Canada, and Jamaica. Prior to the war, Bermuda hosted less than 1000 British Army personnel known as the Royal Bermuda Regiment. This regiment had a special relationship with the United States military as its personnel often trained side-by-side with the USMC and the Florida National Guard. When Cuba entered the war on the side of the Soviets in November 1989, the communist nation invaded several Caribbean island nations to distract Allied efforts in Europe. The British Overseas Territory of the Turks and Caicos Islands was invaded, alongside the Commonwealth member nation, the Bahamas. This provoked the United Kingdom to declare war on Cuba; the UK subsequently deployed several of its forces to its Caribbean territories such as the Anguilla, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, and Montserrat. Another 500 troops were deployed to Bermuda for defense and the upcoming liberations of the TCI and the Bahamas.
The Royal Bermuda Regiment worked alongside its allies during the liberation of the Turks and Caicos and the Bahamas; in what was their first major engagement over 40 years after its formation. They also took part in Operation Doorbell, commonly known as the Allied Invasion of Cuba.
The ports of Bermuda served as the resupply center of French and Dutch ships in the Atlantic.
After the war, an independence movement began brewing up, but the referendum did not take place due to many Bermudans wanting to stay as a territory of the United Kingdom. A war memorial was constructed in 1996 honoring the lives of fallen Bermudan soldiers during WWIII.