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The Governorate of Bering (Russian: Беринговская губерния, Beringovskaya guberniya), colloquially known as Bering (Беринг), is a governorate of Alaska. The governorate is bordered by the Far North and New Irkutsk to the east, Shelikof to the south, and a maritime border with the Russian Federation to the west. The majority of Bering's population is located along the coast of the Norton Sound, with the provincial capital and largest city being Nakovalenny. The governorate was named after Vitus Bering, a Danish-Russian explorer who led the first expeditions to the area in the 18th Century.
Prior to European contact, the territory of Bering was populated by the Inupiat. From the 18th Century until the discovery of gold in the 1890s, the Russian Empire ruled lightly over the territory (compared to the rest of Russian America).
The Governorate of Bering (Russian: Беринговская губерния, Beringovskaya guberniya), commonly known as Bering (Беринг), is a governorate of the Alaskan Democratic Federative Republic. Bering borders the Far North, New Irkutsk to the east, and Shelikof to the south, and has a maritime border with the Russian Federation to the west.
The region of modern day Bering was dominated by the Inuit peoples for centuries. Russian domination in the area was limited to fishing and fur trading up until the 20th century when gold was discovered on the Golovnin Peninsula. During the 1920s, the region was part of the Alaskan Socialist Republic, yet disconnected with the government in Nooshagak. The region gained attention in the mid-1920s due to an epidemic of diphtheria, leading to the infamous dog sledding expedition to New Golovninsk.
Bering became a governorate of Alaska in the 1940s. Infrastructural projects such as railroad expansion began in the 1950s, finally connecting the governorate to the rest of the nation. After the discovery of oil in the northernmost parts of the governorate, the gubernatorial legislature voted in favor to allow the separation these regions (later to gain governoratehood in 1994 as the Far North).